Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Transient ischaemic dilation and post-stress wall motion abnormality increase risk in patients with less than moderate ischaemia: analysis of the REFINE SPECT registry


Miller, Robert J H; Hu, Lien-Hsin; Gransar, Heidi; Betancur, Julian; Eisenberg, Evann; Otaki, Yuka; Sharir, Tali; Fish, Mathews B; Ruddy, Terrence D; Dorbala, Sharmila; Carli, Marcelo Di; Einstein, Andrew J; Kaufmann, Philipp A; Sinusas, Albert J; Miller, Edward J; Bateman, Timothy; Germano, Guido; Tamarappoo, Balaji K; Dey, Damini; Berman, Daniel S; Slomka, Piotr J (2019). Transient ischaemic dilation and post-stress wall motion abnormality increase risk in patients with less than moderate ischaemia: analysis of the REFINE SPECT registry. European Heart Journal. Cardiovascular Imaging:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

AIMS 

Ischaemia on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is strongly associated with cardiovascular risk. Transient ischaemic dilation (TID) and post-stress wall motion abnormalities (WMA) are non-perfusion markers of ischaemia with incremental prognostic utility. Using a large, multicentre SPECT MPI registry, we assessed the degree to which these features increased the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with less than moderate ischaemia.

METHODS AND RESULTS 

Ischaemia was quantified with total perfusion deficit using semiautomated software and classified as: none (<1%), minimal (1 to <5%), mild (5 to <10%), moderate (10 to <15%), and severe (≥15%). Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to assess associations between high-risk imaging features and MACE. We included 16 578 patients, mean age 64.2 and median follow-up 4.7 years. During follow-up, 1842 patients experienced at least one event. Patients with mild ischaemia and TID were more likely to experience MACE compared with patients without TID [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.42, P = 0.023], with outcomes not significantly different from patients with moderate ischaemia without other high-risk features (unadjusted HR 1.15, P = 0.556). There were similar findings in patients with post-stress WMA. However, in multivariable analysis of patients with mild ischaemia, TID (adjusted HR 1.50, P = 0.037), but not WMA, was independently associated with increased MACE.

CONCLUSION 

In patients with mild ischaemia, TID or post-stress WMA identify groups of patients with outcomes similar to patients with moderate ischaemia. Whether these combinations identify patients who may derive benefit from revascularization deserves further investigation.

Abstract

AIMS 

Ischaemia on single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) is strongly associated with cardiovascular risk. Transient ischaemic dilation (TID) and post-stress wall motion abnormalities (WMA) are non-perfusion markers of ischaemia with incremental prognostic utility. Using a large, multicentre SPECT MPI registry, we assessed the degree to which these features increased the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in patients with less than moderate ischaemia.

METHODS AND RESULTS 

Ischaemia was quantified with total perfusion deficit using semiautomated software and classified as: none (<1%), minimal (1 to <5%), mild (5 to <10%), moderate (10 to <15%), and severe (≥15%). Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazard analyses were used to assess associations between high-risk imaging features and MACE. We included 16 578 patients, mean age 64.2 and median follow-up 4.7 years. During follow-up, 1842 patients experienced at least one event. Patients with mild ischaemia and TID were more likely to experience MACE compared with patients without TID [adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 1.42, P = 0.023], with outcomes not significantly different from patients with moderate ischaemia without other high-risk features (unadjusted HR 1.15, P = 0.556). There were similar findings in patients with post-stress WMA. However, in multivariable analysis of patients with mild ischaemia, TID (adjusted HR 1.50, P = 0.037), but not WMA, was independently associated with increased MACE.

CONCLUSION 

In patients with mild ischaemia, TID or post-stress WMA identify groups of patients with outcomes similar to patients with moderate ischaemia. Whether these combinations identify patients who may derive benefit from revascularization deserves further investigation.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Nuclear Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:13 July 2019
Deposited On:31 Jul 2019 13:08
Last Modified:01 Oct 2019 11:38
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:2047-2404
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ehjci/jez172
PubMed ID:31302679

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library