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When job performance is all relative: how family motivation energizes effort and compensates for intrinsic motivation


Menges, Jochen I; Tussing, Danielle V; Wihler, Andreas; Grant, Adam M (2017). When job performance is all relative: how family motivation energizes effort and compensates for intrinsic motivation. Academy of Management Journal, 60(2):695-719.

Abstract

Supporting one’s family is a major reason why many people work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications of family motivation. Drawing on theories of prosocial motivation and action identification, we propose that family motivation increases job performance by enhancing energy and reducing stress, and it is especially important when intrinsic motivation is lacking. Survey and diary data collected across multiple time points in a Mexican maquiladora generally support our model. Specifically, we find that family motivation enhances job performance when intrinsic motivation is low—in part by providing energy, but not by reducing stress. We conclude that supporting a family provides a powerful source of motivation that can boost performance in the workplace, offering meaningful implications for research on motivation and the dynamics of work and family engagement.

Abstract

Supporting one’s family is a major reason why many people work, yet surprisingly little research has examined the implications of family motivation. Drawing on theories of prosocial motivation and action identification, we propose that family motivation increases job performance by enhancing energy and reducing stress, and it is especially important when intrinsic motivation is lacking. Survey and diary data collected across multiple time points in a Mexican maquiladora generally support our model. Specifically, we find that family motivation enhances job performance when intrinsic motivation is low—in part by providing energy, but not by reducing stress. We conclude that supporting a family provides a powerful source of motivation that can boost performance in the workplace, offering meaningful implications for research on motivation and the dynamics of work and family engagement.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Business and International Management
Social Sciences & Humanities > General Business, Management and Accounting
Social Sciences & Humanities > Strategy and Management
Social Sciences & Humanities > Management of Technology and Innovation
Scope:Discipline-based scholarship (basic research)
Language:English
Date:1 April 2017
Deposited On:08 Aug 2019 14:21
Last Modified:22 May 2024 01:42
Publisher:Academy of Management
ISSN:0001-4273
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.5465/amj.2014.0898
Official URL:https://journals.aom.org/doi/abs/10.5465/amj.2014.0898
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:17511
  • Content: Accepted Version