Leptin receptor (LepR) signaling in neurons of the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus (VMH), specifically those expressing steroidogenic factor-1 (SF1), have been proposed to play a key role in controlling energy balance. By crossing LepR-silenced (LepR) mice to those expressing SF1-Cre, we unsilenced native LepR specifically in the VMH and tested whether SF1 neurons in the VMH are critical mediators of leptin's effect on energy homeostasis. LepR x SF1-Cre (KO/Tg+) mice were metabolically phenotyped and compared to littermate controls that either expressed or were deficient in LepR. Leptin-induced pSTAT3 was present in the VMH of KO/Tg+ mice and absent in other hypothalamic nuclei. VMH leptin signaling did not ameliorate obesity resulting from LepR-deficiency in chow-fed mice. There was no change in food intake or energy expenditure when comparing complete LepR-null mice to KO/Tg+ mice, nor did KO/Tg+ show improved glucose tolerance. The presence of functional LepR in the VMH mildly enhanced sensitivity to the pancreatic hormone amylin. When maintained on high fat diet (HFD), there was no reduction in diet-induced obesity in KO/Tg+ mice, but KO/Tg+ mice had improved glucose tolerance after 7 weeks on HFD compared to LepR-null mice. We conclude that LepR signaling in the VMH alone is not sufficient to correct metabolic dysfunction observed in LepR-null mice.