Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Younger supervisors, older subordinates: An organizational-level study of age differences, emotions, and performance


Kunze, Florian; Menges, Jochen (2017). Younger supervisors, older subordinates: An organizational-level study of age differences, emotions, and performance. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 38(4):461-486.

Abstract

Younger employees are often promoted into supervisory positions in which they then manage older subordinates. Do companies benefit or suffer when supervisors and subordinates have inverse age differences? In this study, we examine how average age differences between younger supervisors and older subordinates are linked to the emotions that prevail in the workforce, and to company performance. We propose that the average age differences determine how frequently older subordinates and their coworkers experience negative emotions, and that these emotion frequency levels in turn relate to company performance. The indirect relationship between age differences and performance occurs only if subordinates express their feelings toward their supervisor, but the association is neutralized if emotions are suppressed. We find consistent evidence for this theoretical model in a study of 61 companies with multiple respondents.

Abstract

Younger employees are often promoted into supervisory positions in which they then manage older subordinates. Do companies benefit or suffer when supervisors and subordinates have inverse age differences? In this study, we examine how average age differences between younger supervisors and older subordinates are linked to the emotions that prevail in the workforce, and to company performance. We propose that the average age differences determine how frequently older subordinates and their coworkers experience negative emotions, and that these emotion frequency levels in turn relate to company performance. The indirect relationship between age differences and performance occurs only if subordinates express their feelings toward their supervisor, but the association is neutralized if emotions are suppressed. We find consistent evidence for this theoretical model in a study of 61 companies with multiple respondents.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
13 citations in Web of Science®
14 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Downloads

0 downloads since deposited on 15 Aug 2019
0 downloads since 12 months

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Language:English
Date:2 May 2017
Deposited On:15 Aug 2019 14:47
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:40
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0894-3796
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/job.2129
Official URL:https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/job.2129
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:17512

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members