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The Relations Between Parental Socioeconomic Status, Personality, and Life Outcomes


Ayoub, Mona; Gosling, Samuel D; Potter, Jeff; Shanahan, Michael; Roberts, Brent W (2018). The Relations Between Parental Socioeconomic Status, Personality, and Life Outcomes. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 9(3):338-352.

Abstract

Studies have shown that cognitive ability is correlated with parental socioeconomic status (pSES). However, little is known about the correlation between personality and pSES. To better understand this relation, we conducted a meta-analysis of the correlations between pSES and personality traits and temperament dimensions. The correlations were generally very small with the exception of the correlation between pSES and openness to experience. Our results were replicated in a large (N = 2,183,377) data set of self-reported personality scores collected online. Using this data set, we also examined the interaction between pSES and personality on attained education and socioeconomic status. We found evidence for the resource substitution hypothesis, which proposes that personality compensates for background disadvantage.

Abstract

Studies have shown that cognitive ability is correlated with parental socioeconomic status (pSES). However, little is known about the correlation between personality and pSES. To better understand this relation, we conducted a meta-analysis of the correlations between pSES and personality traits and temperament dimensions. The correlations were generally very small with the exception of the correlation between pSES and openness to experience. Our results were replicated in a large (N = 2,183,377) data set of self-reported personality scores collected online. Using this data set, we also examined the interaction between pSES and personality on attained education and socioeconomic status. We found evidence for the resource substitution hypothesis, which proposes that personality compensates for background disadvantage.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Jacobs Center for Productive Youth Development
Dewey Decimal Classification:370 Education
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Clinical Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 April 2018
Deposited On:21 Aug 2019 15:21
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:09
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:1948-5506
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/1948550617707018
Official URL:https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/1948550617707018

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