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Ambidexterity and Unit Performance: Intellectual Capital Antecedents and Cross-level Moderating Effects of Human Resource Practices


Kostopoulos, Konstantinos Christos; Bozionelos, Nikos; Syrigos, Evangelos (2015). Ambidexterity and Unit Performance: Intellectual Capital Antecedents and Cross-level Moderating Effects of Human Resource Practices. Human Resource Management, 54(S1):111-132.

Abstract

This study develops a cross‐level model examining the effects of intellectual capital facets (i.e., human, social, and organizational capital) on unit ambidexterity. Further, it proposes that organizational‐level high‐performance human resource (HPHR) practices significantly shape these effects as well as the unit ambidexterity–unit performance relationship. Hierarchical linear modeling on multisource and lagged data from a sample of 148 business units from 58 US Fortune 500 firms shows that unit human and social capital positively contributes to unit ambidexterity, unit organizational capital has a negative relationship with unit ambidexterity, and organizational HPHR practices amplify the former and mitigate the latter of these unit‐level effects. The findings also reveal that the relationship between ambidexterity and unit performance becomes stronger in organizational contexts of heightened HPHR practices. This multilevel approach increases understanding of how units achieve ambidexterity and attain related performance gains.

Abstract

This study develops a cross‐level model examining the effects of intellectual capital facets (i.e., human, social, and organizational capital) on unit ambidexterity. Further, it proposes that organizational‐level high‐performance human resource (HPHR) practices significantly shape these effects as well as the unit ambidexterity–unit performance relationship. Hierarchical linear modeling on multisource and lagged data from a sample of 148 business units from 58 US Fortune 500 firms shows that unit human and social capital positively contributes to unit ambidexterity, unit organizational capital has a negative relationship with unit ambidexterity, and organizational HPHR practices amplify the former and mitigate the latter of these unit‐level effects. The findings also reveal that the relationship between ambidexterity and unit performance becomes stronger in organizational contexts of heightened HPHR practices. This multilevel approach increases understanding of how units achieve ambidexterity and attain related performance gains.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Applied Psychology
Social Sciences & Humanities > Strategy and Management
Social Sciences & Humanities > Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management
Social Sciences & Humanities > Management of Technology and Innovation
Language:English
Date:December 2015
Deposited On:05 Sep 2019 08:01
Last Modified:31 Jul 2020 03:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0090-4848
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/hrm.21705
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:10259

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