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Simulation of gastric bypass effects on glucose metabolism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with the Sleeveballoon device


Casella-Mariolo, James; Castagneto-Gissey, Lidia; Angelini, Giulia; Zoli, Andrea; Marini, Pierluigi; Bornstein, Stefan R; Pournaras, Dimitri J; Rubino, Francesco; le Roux, Carel W; Mingrone, Geltrude; Casella, Giovanni (2019). Simulation of gastric bypass effects on glucose metabolism and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease with the Sleeveballoon device. EBioMedicine, 46:452-462.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Gastric bypass surgery is a very effective treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, very few eligible patients are offered surgery. Some patients also prefer less invasive approaches. We aimed to study the effects of the Sleeveballoon - a new device combining an intragastric balloon with a connecting sleeve, which covers the duodenal and proximal jejunal mucosa - on insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, body weight and body fat distribution.

METHODS

We compared the effects of Sleeveballoon, Roux-en-Y Gastric-Bypass (RYGB) and sham-operation in 30 high-fat diet (HFD) fed Wistar rats. Whole body and hepatic insulin sensitivity and insulin signaling were studied. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed using a Vevo 2100 system (FUJIFILM VisualSonics Inc., Canada). Gastric emptying was measured using gastrografin.

FINDINGS

Hepatic (P = .023) and whole-body (P = .011) insulin sensitivity improved in the Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups compared with sham-operated rats. Body weight reduced in both Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups in comparison to the sham-operated group (503.1 ± 8.9 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006 and 490.0 ± 17.7 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006, respectively). Ectopic fat deposition was drastically reduced while glycogen content was increased in both liver and skeletal muscle. Gastric emptying (T) was longer (157.7 ± 29.2 min, P = .007) in the Sleeveballoon than in sham-operated rats (97.1 ± 26.3 min), but shorter in RYGB (3.5 ± 1.1 min, P < .0001). Cardiac function was better in Sleeveballoon and RYGB versus sham-operated rats.

INTERPRETATION

The Sleeveballoon reduces peripheral and hepatic insulin resistance, glycaemia, body weight and ectopic fat deposition to a similar level as RYGB, although the contribution of gastric emptying to blood glucose reduction is different.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Gastric bypass surgery is a very effective treatment of obesity and type 2 diabetes. However, very few eligible patients are offered surgery. Some patients also prefer less invasive approaches. We aimed to study the effects of the Sleeveballoon - a new device combining an intragastric balloon with a connecting sleeve, which covers the duodenal and proximal jejunal mucosa - on insulin sensitivity, glycemic control, body weight and body fat distribution.

METHODS

We compared the effects of Sleeveballoon, Roux-en-Y Gastric-Bypass (RYGB) and sham-operation in 30 high-fat diet (HFD) fed Wistar rats. Whole body and hepatic insulin sensitivity and insulin signaling were studied. Transthoracic echocardiography was performed using a Vevo 2100 system (FUJIFILM VisualSonics Inc., Canada). Gastric emptying was measured using gastrografin.

FINDINGS

Hepatic (P = .023) and whole-body (P = .011) insulin sensitivity improved in the Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups compared with sham-operated rats. Body weight reduced in both Sleeveballoon and RYGB groups in comparison to the sham-operated group (503.1 ± 8.9 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006 and 490.0 ± 17.7 vs. 614.4 ± 20.6 g, P = .006, respectively). Ectopic fat deposition was drastically reduced while glycogen content was increased in both liver and skeletal muscle. Gastric emptying (T) was longer (157.7 ± 29.2 min, P = .007) in the Sleeveballoon than in sham-operated rats (97.1 ± 26.3 min), but shorter in RYGB (3.5 ± 1.1 min, P < .0001). Cardiac function was better in Sleeveballoon and RYGB versus sham-operated rats.

INTERPRETATION

The Sleeveballoon reduces peripheral and hepatic insulin resistance, glycaemia, body weight and ectopic fat deposition to a similar level as RYGB, although the contribution of gastric emptying to blood glucose reduction is different.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Endocrinology and Diabetology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:August 2019
Deposited On:05 Sep 2019 11:26
Last Modified:06 Oct 2019 06:01
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:2352-3964
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ebiom.2019.07.069
PubMed ID:31401193

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