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Crystal structures of the human neurokinin 1 receptor in complex with clinically used antagonists


Schöppe, Jendrik; Ehrenmann, Janosch; Klenk, Christoph; Rucktooa, Prakash; Schütz, Marco; Doré, Andrew S; Plückthun, Andreas (2019). Crystal structures of the human neurokinin 1 receptor in complex with clinically used antagonists. Nature Communications, 10(1):17.

Abstract

Neurokinins (or tachykinins) are peptides that modulate a wide variety of human physiology through the neurokinin G protein-coupled receptor family, implicated in a diverse array of pathological processes. Here we report high-resolution crystal structures of the human NK receptor (NKR) bound to two small-molecule antagonist therapeutics - aprepitant and netupitant and the progenitor antagonist CP-99,994. The structures reveal the detailed interactions between clinically approved antagonists and NKR, which induce a distinct receptor conformation resulting in an interhelical hydrogen-bond network that cross-links the extracellular ends of helices V and VI. Furthermore, the high-resolution details of NKR bound to netupitant establish a structural rationale for the lack of basal activity in NKR. Taken together, these co-structures provide a comprehensive structural basis of NKR antagonism and will facilitate the design of new therapeutics targeting the neurokinin receptor family.

Abstract

Neurokinins (or tachykinins) are peptides that modulate a wide variety of human physiology through the neurokinin G protein-coupled receptor family, implicated in a diverse array of pathological processes. Here we report high-resolution crystal structures of the human NK receptor (NKR) bound to two small-molecule antagonist therapeutics - aprepitant and netupitant and the progenitor antagonist CP-99,994. The structures reveal the detailed interactions between clinically approved antagonists and NKR, which induce a distinct receptor conformation resulting in an interhelical hydrogen-bond network that cross-links the extracellular ends of helices V and VI. Furthermore, the high-resolution details of NKR bound to netupitant establish a structural rationale for the lack of basal activity in NKR. Taken together, these co-structures provide a comprehensive structural basis of NKR antagonism and will facilitate the design of new therapeutics targeting the neurokinin receptor family.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Biochemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Department of Biochemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Life Sciences > General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Physical Sciences > General Physics and Astronomy
Language:English
Date:3 January 2019
Deposited On:06 Sep 2019 08:02
Last Modified:16 Apr 2020 00:09
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2041-1723
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-07939-8
PubMed ID:30604743

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