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Stability and change of basic personal values in early adolescence: A 2‐year longitudinal study


Vecchione, Michele; Schwartz, Shalom H; Davidov, Eldad; Cieciuch, Jan; Alessandri, Guido; Marsicano, Gilda (2020). Stability and change of basic personal values in early adolescence: A 2‐year longitudinal study. Journal of Personality, 88(3):447-463.

Abstract

Objective: We examined patterns of change and stability in the whole set of ten Schwartz values over two years during early adolescence. Method: Participants completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire repeatedly throughout the junior high school years. The study involved six waves of data and a total of 382 respondents aged 10 years at the first measurement occasion (43% female). We investigated multiple types of stability in the values: mean-level, rank-order, and ipsative (or profile) stability. Results: At the mean-level, self-enhancement and openness to change values increased in importance. Self-direction and hedonism values showed the greatest increase – about one third of a standard deviation. Conservation and self-transcendence values did not change with the exception of tradition, which decreased slightly.. After correcting for measurement error, rank-order stability coefficients ranged from .39 (hedonism) to .77 (power). Correlations between value hierarchies measured two years apart were ≥ .85 for 75% of respondents, and ≤ .12 for 5% of the respondents. Thus only a small proportion of participants experienced a marked change in the relative importance they ascribed to the ten values. Conclusions: Results are discussed and related to earlier findings on patterns and magnitude of value change during other periods of the life span.

Abstract

Objective: We examined patterns of change and stability in the whole set of ten Schwartz values over two years during early adolescence. Method: Participants completed the Portrait Values Questionnaire repeatedly throughout the junior high school years. The study involved six waves of data and a total of 382 respondents aged 10 years at the first measurement occasion (43% female). We investigated multiple types of stability in the values: mean-level, rank-order, and ipsative (or profile) stability. Results: At the mean-level, self-enhancement and openness to change values increased in importance. Self-direction and hedonism values showed the greatest increase – about one third of a standard deviation. Conservation and self-transcendence values did not change with the exception of tradition, which decreased slightly.. After correcting for measurement error, rank-order stability coefficients ranged from .39 (hedonism) to .77 (power). Correlations between value hierarchies measured two years apart were ≥ .85 for 75% of respondents, and ≤ .12 for 5% of the respondents. Thus only a small proportion of participants experienced a marked change in the relative importance they ascribed to the ten values. Conclusions: Results are discussed and related to earlier findings on patterns and magnitude of value change during other periods of the life span.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Business Administration
06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
08 Research Priority Programs > Social Networks
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Social Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:Schwartz's theory of basic human values; value change; stability; early adolescence
Language:English
Date:1 June 2020
Deposited On:23 Sep 2019 12:32
Last Modified:26 Jan 2022 22:30
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0022-3506
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/jopy.12502

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