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Predicting upper limb compensation during prehension tasks in tetraplegic spinal cord injured patients using a single wearable sensor


Schneider, Sophie; Popp, Werner L; Brogioli, Michael; Albisser, Urs; Ortmann, Stefan; Velstra, Inge-Marie; Demko, Laszlo; Gassert, Roger; Curt, Armin (2019). Predicting upper limb compensation during prehension tasks in tetraplegic spinal cord injured patients using a single wearable sensor. IEEE International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics. Proceedings, 2019:1000-1006.

Abstract

Upper limb (UL) compensation is a common strategy of patients with a high spinal cord injury (SCI), i.e., tetraplegic patients, to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) despite their sensorimotor deficits. Currently, an objective and sensitive tool to assess UL compensation, which is applicable in the clinical routine and in the daily life of patients, is missing. In this work, we propose a metric to quantify this compensation using a single inertial measurement unit (IMU). The spread of forearm pitch angles of an IMU attached to the wrist of 17 SCI patients and 18 healthy controls performing six prehension tasks of the graded redefined assessment of strength, sensibility and prehension (GRASSP) was extracted. Using the spread of the forearm pitch angles, a classification of UL compensation was possible with very good to excellent accuracies in all six different prehension tasks. Furthermore, the spread of forearm pitch angles correlated moderately to very strongly with qualitative and quantitative GRASSP prehension scores and the task duration. Therefore, we conclude that our proposed method has a high potential to classify compensation accurately and objectively and might be used to quantify the degree of UL compensation in ADLs. Thus, this method could be implemented in clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of interventions targeting UL functions.

Abstract

Upper limb (UL) compensation is a common strategy of patients with a high spinal cord injury (SCI), i.e., tetraplegic patients, to perform activities of daily living (ADLs) despite their sensorimotor deficits. Currently, an objective and sensitive tool to assess UL compensation, which is applicable in the clinical routine and in the daily life of patients, is missing. In this work, we propose a metric to quantify this compensation using a single inertial measurement unit (IMU). The spread of forearm pitch angles of an IMU attached to the wrist of 17 SCI patients and 18 healthy controls performing six prehension tasks of the graded redefined assessment of strength, sensibility and prehension (GRASSP) was extracted. Using the spread of the forearm pitch angles, a classification of UL compensation was possible with very good to excellent accuracies in all six different prehension tasks. Furthermore, the spread of forearm pitch angles correlated moderately to very strongly with qualitative and quantitative GRASSP prehension scores and the task duration. Therefore, we conclude that our proposed method has a high potential to classify compensation accurately and objectively and might be used to quantify the degree of UL compensation in ADLs. Thus, this method could be implemented in clinical trials investigating the effectiveness of interventions targeting UL functions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, not_refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:June 2019
Deposited On:11 Sep 2019 13:50
Last Modified:25 Sep 2019 00:45
Publisher:Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers
ISSN:1945-7898
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1109/ICORR.2019.8779561
PubMed ID:31374760

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