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Separating Content and Structure in Humor Appreciation


Heintz, Sonja (2020). Separating Content and Structure in Humor Appreciation. Journal of Individual Differences, 41(1):37-44.

Abstract

The present study empirically tests a bimodal model of humor appreciation. In this model, individual differences in evaluating jokes and cartoons are attributed to their contents (sexual and aggressive) and structures (incongruity-resolution and nonsense). A total of 225 participants (64% women, Mage = 32.37 years) rated 50 jokes and cartoons on funniness, offensiveness, and boringness. They also completed a standard humor appreciation measure (the 3 WD). Using structural equation modeling, the bimodal model was found to be superior to alternative models. Regressions predicting the 3 WD categories supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the content and structure factors. In line with previous research, gender differences were found for the content factors, but not for the structure factors. Overall, this study is the first to show the viability of bimodal models of humor appreciation. They allow capturing the sources of individual differences in humor appreciation more adequately than previous models, thus providing a basis for future theories, research, and applications.

Abstract

The present study empirically tests a bimodal model of humor appreciation. In this model, individual differences in evaluating jokes and cartoons are attributed to their contents (sexual and aggressive) and structures (incongruity-resolution and nonsense). A total of 225 participants (64% women, Mage = 32.37 years) rated 50 jokes and cartoons on funniness, offensiveness, and boringness. They also completed a standard humor appreciation measure (the 3 WD). Using structural equation modeling, the bimodal model was found to be superior to alternative models. Regressions predicting the 3 WD categories supported the convergent and discriminant validity of the content and structure factors. In line with previous research, gender differences were found for the content factors, but not for the structure factors. Overall, this study is the first to show the viability of bimodal models of humor appreciation. They allow capturing the sources of individual differences in humor appreciation more adequately than previous models, thus providing a basis for future theories, research, and applications.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > General Psychology
Life Sciences > Biological Psychiatry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biological Psychiatry, General Psychology
Language:English
Date:1 January 2020
Deposited On:12 Sep 2019 12:19
Last Modified:19 Sep 2020 00:00
Publisher:Hogrefe & Huber
ISSN:1614-0001
Additional Information:Diese Artikelfassung entspricht nicht vollständig dem in der Zeitschrift "Journal of Individual Differences" veröffentlichten Artikel. Dies ist nicht die Originalversion des Artikels und kann daher nicht zur Zitierung herangezogen werden. This article may not exactly replicate the final version published in "Journal of Individual Differences". It is not the version of record and is therefore not suitable for citation.
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1027/1614-0001/a000301

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