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Cellular circadian period length inversely correlates with HbA1c levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes


Sinturel, Flore; Makhlouf, Anne-Marie; Meyer, Patrick; Tran, Christel; Pataky, Zoltan; Golay, Alain; Rey, Guillaume; Howald, Cédric; Dermitzakis, Emmanouil T; Pichard, Claude; Philippe, Jacques; Brown, Steven A; Dibner, Charna (2019). Cellular circadian period length inversely correlates with HbA1c levels in individuals with type 2 diabetes. Diabetologia, 62(8):1453-1462.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: the circadian system plays an essential role in regulating the timing of human metabolism. Indeed, circadian misalignment is strongly associated with high rates of metabolic disorders. The properties of the circadian oscillator can be measured in cells cultured in vitro and these cellular rhythms are highly informative of the physiological circadian rhythm in vivo. We aimed to discover whether molecular properties of the circadian oscillator are altered as a result of type 2 diabetes.
METHODS:We assessed molecular clock properties in dermal fibroblasts established from skin biopsies taken from nine obese and eight non-obese individuals with type 2 diabetes and 11 non-diabetic control individuals. Following in vitro synchronisation, primary fibroblast cultures were subjected to continuous assessment of circadian bioluminescence profiles based on lentiviral luciferase reporters.
RESULTS: We observed a significant inverse correlation (ρ = -0.592; p < 0.05) between HbA1c values and circadian period length within cells from the type 2 diabetes group. RNA sequencing analysis conducted on samples from this group revealed that ICAM1, encoding the endothelial adhesion protein, was differentially expressed in fibroblasts from individuals with poorly controlled vs well-controlled type 2 diabetes and its levels correlated with cellular period length. Consistent with this circadian link, the ICAM1 gene also displayed rhythmic binding of the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK) protein that correlated with gene expression.
CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We provide for the first time a potential molecular link between glycaemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes and circadian clock machinery. This paves the way for further mechanistic understanding of circadian oscillator changes upon type 2 diabetes development in humans.
DATA AVAILABILITY: RNA sequencing data and clinical phenotypic data have been deposited at the European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA), which is hosted by the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) and the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), ega-box-1210, under accession no. EGAS00001003622.

Abstract

AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: the circadian system plays an essential role in regulating the timing of human metabolism. Indeed, circadian misalignment is strongly associated with high rates of metabolic disorders. The properties of the circadian oscillator can be measured in cells cultured in vitro and these cellular rhythms are highly informative of the physiological circadian rhythm in vivo. We aimed to discover whether molecular properties of the circadian oscillator are altered as a result of type 2 diabetes.
METHODS:We assessed molecular clock properties in dermal fibroblasts established from skin biopsies taken from nine obese and eight non-obese individuals with type 2 diabetes and 11 non-diabetic control individuals. Following in vitro synchronisation, primary fibroblast cultures were subjected to continuous assessment of circadian bioluminescence profiles based on lentiviral luciferase reporters.
RESULTS: We observed a significant inverse correlation (ρ = -0.592; p < 0.05) between HbA1c values and circadian period length within cells from the type 2 diabetes group. RNA sequencing analysis conducted on samples from this group revealed that ICAM1, encoding the endothelial adhesion protein, was differentially expressed in fibroblasts from individuals with poorly controlled vs well-controlled type 2 diabetes and its levels correlated with cellular period length. Consistent with this circadian link, the ICAM1 gene also displayed rhythmic binding of the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (CLOCK) protein that correlated with gene expression.
CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: We provide for the first time a potential molecular link between glycaemic control in individuals with type 2 diabetes and circadian clock machinery. This paves the way for further mechanistic understanding of circadian oscillator changes upon type 2 diabetes development in humans.
DATA AVAILABILITY: RNA sequencing data and clinical phenotypic data have been deposited at the European Genome-phenome Archive (EGA), which is hosted by the European Bioinformatics Institute (EBI) and the Centre for Genomic Regulation (CRG), ega-box-1210, under accession no. EGAS00001003622.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Internal Medicine
Health Sciences > Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Uncontrolled Keywords:Internal Medicine, Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
Language:English
Date:27 May 2019
Deposited On:17 Sep 2019 14:15
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:20
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0012-186X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00125-019-4907-0
Official URL:https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00125-019-4907-0
PubMed ID:31134308
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant IDCRSII3_160741
  • : Project TitleInteractions between the human circadian clock, diabetes, and metabolic syndrome

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