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Loss of tapasin correlates with diminished CD8+ T-cell immunity and prognosis in colorectal cancer


Sokol, Lena; Koelzer, Viktor H; Rau, Tilman T; Karamitopoulou, Eva; Zlobec, Inti; Lugli, Alessandro (2015). Loss of tapasin correlates with diminished CD8+ T-cell immunity and prognosis in colorectal cancer. Journal of Translational Medicine, 13:279.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tapasin is a crucial component of the major histocompatibility (MHC) class I antigen presentation pathway. Defects in this pathway can lead to tumor immune evasion. The aim of this study was to test whether tapasin expression correlates with CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) infiltration of colorectal cancer (CRC) and overall survival.
METHODS: A next-generation tissue microarray (ngTMA) of 198 CRC patients with full clinicopathological information was included in this study. TMA slides were immunostained for tapasin, MHC I and CD8. Marker expression was analyzed with immune-cell infiltration, patient survival and TNM-staging.
RESULTS: A reduction of tapasin expression strongly correlated with venous invasion (AUC 0.682, OR 2.7, p = 0.002; 95% CI 1.7-5.0), lymphatic invasion (AUC 0.620, OR 2.0, p = 0.005; 95 % CI 1.3-3.3), distant metastasis (AUC 0.727, OR 2.9, p = 0.004; 95% CI 1.4-5.9) and an infiltrative tumor border configuration (AUC 0.621, OR 2.2, p = 0.017; 95% CI 1.2-4.4). Further, tapasin expression was associated with CD8(+) CTL infiltration (AUC 0.729, OR 5.4, p < 0.001; 95% CI 2.6-11), and favorable overall survival (p = 0.004, HR 0.6, 95% CI 0.42-0.85).
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with published functional data showing that tapasin promotes antigen presentation, as well as tumor immune recognition and destruction by CD8(+) CTLs, a reduction in tapasin expression is associated with tumor progression in CRC.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Tapasin is a crucial component of the major histocompatibility (MHC) class I antigen presentation pathway. Defects in this pathway can lead to tumor immune evasion. The aim of this study was to test whether tapasin expression correlates with CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) infiltration of colorectal cancer (CRC) and overall survival.
METHODS: A next-generation tissue microarray (ngTMA) of 198 CRC patients with full clinicopathological information was included in this study. TMA slides were immunostained for tapasin, MHC I and CD8. Marker expression was analyzed with immune-cell infiltration, patient survival and TNM-staging.
RESULTS: A reduction of tapasin expression strongly correlated with venous invasion (AUC 0.682, OR 2.7, p = 0.002; 95% CI 1.7-5.0), lymphatic invasion (AUC 0.620, OR 2.0, p = 0.005; 95 % CI 1.3-3.3), distant metastasis (AUC 0.727, OR 2.9, p = 0.004; 95% CI 1.4-5.9) and an infiltrative tumor border configuration (AUC 0.621, OR 2.2, p = 0.017; 95% CI 1.2-4.4). Further, tapasin expression was associated with CD8(+) CTL infiltration (AUC 0.729, OR 5.4, p < 0.001; 95% CI 2.6-11), and favorable overall survival (p = 0.004, HR 0.6, 95% CI 0.42-0.85).
CONCLUSIONS: Consistent with published functional data showing that tapasin promotes antigen presentation, as well as tumor immune recognition and destruction by CD8(+) CTLs, a reduction in tapasin expression is associated with tumor progression in CRC.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
Language:English
Date:2015
Deposited On:27 Sep 2019 10:39
Last Modified:11 May 2020 19:06
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1479-5876
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12967-015-0647-1
PubMed ID:26310568

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