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The effect of social class on agency and communion: Reconciling rank-based and identity-based perspectives


Aydin, Anna Lisa; Ullrich, Johannes; Siem, Birte; Locke, Kenneth D; Shnabel, Nurit (2018). The effect of social class on agency and communion: Reconciling rank-based and identity-based perspectives. PsyArXiv waz8e, University of Zurich.

Abstract

How does social class affect people’s goals in social interactions? A rank-based perspective suggests actorsfrom higher social classes (compared to lower social classes) have more agentic and less communal goals when interacting with same-class or unspecified others. Focusing on targets’social class, an identity-based perspective suggests the reverse: Actors should more strongly endorse communal (agentic) goals towards illegitimately lower-class (higher-class) compared to higher-class (lower-class) targets, regardless of actors’ own social class. Three preregistered experiments (N= 2,023) manipulated actor’s social class and the nature of the target (illegitimately higher/lower class, same class, unspecified), and measured participants’ goals in imagined interactions using the Circumplex Scales of Intergroup Goals. The identity-based perspective received strong support: Across studies, actors expressed stronger agentic (communal) goals towards higher-class (lower-class) targets. The rank-based perspective received limited support, with relatively low (vs. high) class actors expressing stronger communal goals towards same-class targets.

Abstract

How does social class affect people’s goals in social interactions? A rank-based perspective suggests actorsfrom higher social classes (compared to lower social classes) have more agentic and less communal goals when interacting with same-class or unspecified others. Focusing on targets’social class, an identity-based perspective suggests the reverse: Actors should more strongly endorse communal (agentic) goals towards illegitimately lower-class (higher-class) compared to higher-class (lower-class) targets, regardless of actors’ own social class. Three preregistered experiments (N= 2,023) manipulated actor’s social class and the nature of the target (illegitimately higher/lower class, same class, unspecified), and measured participants’ goals in imagined interactions using the Circumplex Scales of Intergroup Goals. The identity-based perspective received strong support: Across studies, actors expressed stronger agentic (communal) goals towards higher-class (lower-class) targets. The rank-based perspective received limited support, with relatively low (vs. high) class actors expressing stronger communal goals towards same-class targets.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:2018
Deposited On:19 Sep 2019 11:30
Last Modified:24 Mar 2020 08:30
Series Name:PsyArXiv
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/waz8e
Official URL:https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/waz8e
Related URLs: (Research Data)
Project Information:
  • : FunderGerman Israeli Foundation
  • : Grant ID1119-126.412010
  • : Project Title
  • : FunderGerman Research Foundation
  • : Grant IDRO 4826/1-1
  • : Project Title

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