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Spatial sorting enables comprehensive characterization of liver zonation


Ben-Moshe, Shani; Shapira, Yonatan; Moor, Andreas E; Manco, Rita; Veg, Tamar; Bahar Halpern, Keren; Itzkovitz, Shalev (2019). Spatial sorting enables comprehensive characterization of liver zonation. Nature Metabolism, 1(9):899-911.

Abstract

The mammalian liver is composed of repeating hexagonal units termed lobules. Spatially resolved single-cell transcriptomics revealed that about half of hepatocyte genes are differentially expressed across the lobule, yet technical limitations impeded reconstructing similar global spatial maps of other hepatocyte features. Here, we show how zonated surface markers can be used to sort hepatocytes from defined lobule zones with high spatial resolution. We apply transcriptomics, miRNA array measurements and mass spectrometry proteomics to reconstruct spatial atlases of multiple zonated features. We demonstrate that protein zonation largely overlaps with mRNA zonation, with the periportal HNF4α as an exception. We identify zonation of miRNAs such as miR-122, and inverse zonation of miRNAs and their hepatocyte target genes, highlighting potential regulation of protein levels through zonated mRNA degradation. Among the targets we find the pericentral Wnt receptors Fzd7 and Fzd8 and the periportal Wnt inhibitors Tcf7l1 and Ctnnbip1. Our approach facilitates reconstructing spatial atlases of multiple cellular features in the liver and other structured tissues.

Abstract

The mammalian liver is composed of repeating hexagonal units termed lobules. Spatially resolved single-cell transcriptomics revealed that about half of hepatocyte genes are differentially expressed across the lobule, yet technical limitations impeded reconstructing similar global spatial maps of other hepatocyte features. Here, we show how zonated surface markers can be used to sort hepatocytes from defined lobule zones with high spatial resolution. We apply transcriptomics, miRNA array measurements and mass spectrometry proteomics to reconstruct spatial atlases of multiple zonated features. We demonstrate that protein zonation largely overlaps with mRNA zonation, with the periportal HNF4α as an exception. We identify zonation of miRNAs such as miR-122, and inverse zonation of miRNAs and their hepatocyte target genes, highlighting potential regulation of protein levels through zonated mRNA degradation. Among the targets we find the pericentral Wnt receptors Fzd7 and Fzd8 and the periportal Wnt inhibitors Tcf7l1 and Ctnnbip1. Our approach facilitates reconstructing spatial atlases of multiple cellular features in the liver and other structured tissues.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Molecular Cancer Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:September 2019
Deposited On:24 Sep 2019 14:14
Last Modified:24 Sep 2019 14:15
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group
ISSN:2522-5812
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1038/s42255-019-0109-9
PubMed ID:31535084

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