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Soft-gluon effective coupling and cusp anomalous dimension


Catani, Stefano; de Florian, Daniel; Grazzini, Massimiliano (2019). Soft-gluon effective coupling and cusp anomalous dimension. European Physical Journal C - Particles and Fields, 79(8):685.

Abstract

We consider the extension of the CMW soft-gluon effective coupling [1] in the context of soft-gluon resummation for QCD hard-scattering observables beyond the next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. We present two proposals of a soft-gluon effective coupling that extend the CMW coupling to all perturbative orders in the MS¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ coupling αS. Although both effective couplings are well-defined in the physical four-dimensional space time, we examine their behaviour in d=4−2ϵ space time dimensions. We uncover an all-order perturbative relation with the cusp anomalous dimension: the (four dimensional) cusp anomalous dimension is equal to the d-dimensional soft-gluon effective coupling at the conformal point ϵ=β(αS), where the d-dimensional QCD β-function, β(αS)−ϵ, vanishes. We present the explicit expressions of the two soft-gluon couplings up to O(α2S) in d dimensions. In the four-dimensional case we compute the two soft couplings up to O(α3S). For one of the two couplings, we confirm the O(α3S) result previously presented by other authors. For the other coupling, we obtain the explicit relation with the cusp anomalous dimension up to O(α4S). We comment on Casimir scaling at O(α4S).

Abstract

We consider the extension of the CMW soft-gluon effective coupling [1] in the context of soft-gluon resummation for QCD hard-scattering observables beyond the next-to-leading logarithmic accuracy. We present two proposals of a soft-gluon effective coupling that extend the CMW coupling to all perturbative orders in the MS¯¯¯¯¯¯¯ coupling αS. Although both effective couplings are well-defined in the physical four-dimensional space time, we examine their behaviour in d=4−2ϵ space time dimensions. We uncover an all-order perturbative relation with the cusp anomalous dimension: the (four dimensional) cusp anomalous dimension is equal to the d-dimensional soft-gluon effective coupling at the conformal point ϵ=β(αS), where the d-dimensional QCD β-function, β(αS)−ϵ, vanishes. We present the explicit expressions of the two soft-gluon couplings up to O(α2S) in d dimensions. In the four-dimensional case we compute the two soft couplings up to O(α3S). For one of the two couplings, we confirm the O(α3S) result previously presented by other authors. For the other coupling, we obtain the explicit relation with the cusp anomalous dimension up to O(α4S). We comment on Casimir scaling at O(α4S).

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Engineering (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous), Engineering (miscellaneous)
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:16 Oct 2019 14:29
Last Modified:22 Apr 2020 21:15
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1434-6044
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1140/epjc/s10052-019-7174-9

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