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Experiments in the sociology of education: causal inference and estimating causal effects in sociological research on education


Zangger, Christoph; Becker, Rolf (2019). Experiments in the sociology of education: causal inference and estimating causal effects in sociological research on education. In: Becker, Rolf. Research Handbook on the Sociology of Education. Cheltenham, 153-171.

Abstract

We critically examine how experimental designs are used to address causal questions in the sociology of education. Starting with some general thoughts about causality, causal inference and the underlying counterfactual approach, we review different applications of experimental testing in the lab and field as well as survey and natural experiments throughout sociological and economic research on education. In the discussion of these applications, we highlight both the advantages and the limits of experiments in giving causal explanations of social phenomena, stressing the need to integrate the empirical framework within a coherent theoretical background that links cause and effect.

Abstract

We critically examine how experimental designs are used to address causal questions in the sociology of education. Starting with some general thoughts about causality, causal inference and the underlying counterfactual approach, we review different applications of experimental testing in the lab and field as well as survey and natural experiments throughout sociological and economic research on education. In the discussion of these applications, we highlight both the advantages and the limits of experiments in giving causal explanations of social phenomena, stressing the need to integrate the empirical framework within a coherent theoretical background that links cause and effect.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Book Section, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Sociology
Dewey Decimal Classification:300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
Language:English
Date:1 September 2019
Deposited On:31 Oct 2019 09:29
Last Modified:31 Oct 2019 09:29
ISBN:9781788110426
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.4337/9781788110426.00017

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