OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to examine work- and person-related predictors of the largely "invisible" behaviour and phenomenon of presenteeism among employees in a health-care setting in German-speaking Switzerland.
METHODS: Self-reported survey data from 1,840 employees of four hospitals and two rehabilitation clinics collected in 2015 and 2016 were utilized and analyzed.
RESULTS: All studied work-related factors such as patient contact, job satisfaction, high work load, forced overtime, fear of job-loss, and particularly mental strain turned out to be significant and relevant predictors of presenteeism. Younger employees, female workers and employees with a chronic disease also were more likely to show presenteeism.
CONCLUSION: Work stress, work without patients, job dissatisfaction, a chronic disease and/or a younger age or rather less work experience seem to increase the chances of presenteeism among health-care workers.