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Progestogen profiling in plasma during the estrous cycle in cattle using an LC-MS based approach


Hankele, A K; Rehm, K; Berard, J; Schuler, G; Bigler, L; Ulbrich, S E (2019). Progestogen profiling in plasma during the estrous cycle in cattle using an LC-MS based approach. Theriogenology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

In many mammalian species, corpus luteum derived progesterone (P4) is the main functional gestagen during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. P4 can be metabolized into various metabolites, of which some are biologically active. While some metabolites target the classical nuclear progesterone receptor (PR), neurosteroids bind the receptors of type A γ-aminobutyric acid (GABAA-r) in the brain. According to the position of reduction within the molecule, metabolites of P4 can be characterized into C20-reduced progestogens (20α-dihydroprogesterone (20α-DHP) and 20β-dihydroprogesterone (20β-DHP)), C3-reduced progestogens (3α-dihydroprogesterone (3α-DHP) and 3β-dihydroprogesterone (3β-DHP)), 5α-reduced progestogens (5α-dihydroprogesterone (5α-DHP), allopregnanolone and isopregnanolone) and 5β-reduced progestogens (5β-dihydroprogesterone (5β-DHP), pregnanolone and epipregnanolone). We asked whether the reduced progestogens are present in bovine plasma during the estrous cycle and whether their profiles differed from the profile of the common precursor P4 around the time of luteolysis. The analytes were monitored in plasma samples using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS). While progestogens lagged behind the drop of P4 at luteolysis, they followed the profile of P4 during the estrous cycle. The abundance of P4 was predominant followed by allopregnanolone, pregnanolone, epipregnanolone and 20β-DHP. Further studies will need to focus particularly on the period around luteolysis.

Abstract

In many mammalian species, corpus luteum derived progesterone (P4) is the main functional gestagen during the estrous cycle and pregnancy. P4 can be metabolized into various metabolites, of which some are biologically active. While some metabolites target the classical nuclear progesterone receptor (PR), neurosteroids bind the receptors of type A γ-aminobutyric acid (GABAA-r) in the brain. According to the position of reduction within the molecule, metabolites of P4 can be characterized into C20-reduced progestogens (20α-dihydroprogesterone (20α-DHP) and 20β-dihydroprogesterone (20β-DHP)), C3-reduced progestogens (3α-dihydroprogesterone (3α-DHP) and 3β-dihydroprogesterone (3β-DHP)), 5α-reduced progestogens (5α-dihydroprogesterone (5α-DHP), allopregnanolone and isopregnanolone) and 5β-reduced progestogens (5β-dihydroprogesterone (5β-DHP), pregnanolone and epipregnanolone). We asked whether the reduced progestogens are present in bovine plasma during the estrous cycle and whether their profiles differed from the profile of the common precursor P4 around the time of luteolysis. The analytes were monitored in plasma samples using liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (LC-MS). While progestogens lagged behind the drop of P4 at luteolysis, they followed the profile of P4 during the estrous cycle. The abundance of P4 was predominant followed by allopregnanolone, pregnanolone, epipregnanolone and 20β-DHP. Further studies will need to focus particularly on the period around luteolysis.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
Dewey Decimal Classification:540 Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:Food Animals, Animal Science and Zoology, Equine, Small Animals
Language:English
Date:1 October 2019
Deposited On:17 Oct 2019 08:20
Last Modified:17 Oct 2019 08:21
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0093-691X
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.theriogenology.2019.10.005

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