Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Occupational physical activity and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality: Results from two longitudinal studies in Switzerland


Wanner, Miriam; Lohse, Tina; Braun, Julia; Cabaset, Sophie; Bopp, Matthias; Krause, Niklas; Rohrmann, Sabine (2019). Occupational physical activity and all-cause and cardiovascular disease mortality: Results from two longitudinal studies in Switzerland. American Journal of Industrial Medicine, 62(7):559-567.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Research regarding the effects of occupational physical activity on health remains inconsistent. We analyzed the association of occupational physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality.
METHODS
We analyzed two cohorts with baseline assessments from 1977 to 1993 ("National Research Program 1A" (NRP1A) and "MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease" [MONICA]) and mortality follow-up until 2015 using adjusted Cox regression models.
RESULTS
We included 4396 NRP1A participants (137 793 person-years of follow-up, 1541 deaths) and 5780 MONICA participants (135 410 person-years, 1158 deaths). All-cause mortality was higher for men in the high compared with the low occupational physical activity category according to NRP1A (hazard ratio [HR] 1.25, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.05-1.50). CVD mortality was higher for men in the moderate compared with the low occupational physical activity category according to MONICA (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.03-1.91). Results for women were not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
We observed higher total and CVD mortality risks in men with higher occupational physical activity but inconsistent results for women and across cohorts.

Abstract

BACKGROUND
Research regarding the effects of occupational physical activity on health remains inconsistent. We analyzed the association of occupational physical activity with all-cause and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality.
METHODS
We analyzed two cohorts with baseline assessments from 1977 to 1993 ("National Research Program 1A" (NRP1A) and "MONItoring of trends and determinants in CArdiovascular disease" [MONICA]) and mortality follow-up until 2015 using adjusted Cox regression models.
RESULTS
We included 4396 NRP1A participants (137 793 person-years of follow-up, 1541 deaths) and 5780 MONICA participants (135 410 person-years, 1158 deaths). All-cause mortality was higher for men in the high compared with the low occupational physical activity category according to NRP1A (hazard ratio [HR] 1.25, 95% confidence intervals [CI] 1.05-1.50). CVD mortality was higher for men in the moderate compared with the low occupational physical activity category according to MONICA (HR, 1.41; 95% CI, 1.03-1.91). Results for women were not statistically significant.
CONCLUSIONS
We observed higher total and CVD mortality risks in men with higher occupational physical activity but inconsistent results for women and across cohorts.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

1 download since deposited on 17 Oct 2019
1 download since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Contributors:The Swiss National Cohort Study Group
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Prevention Institute (EBPI)
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
Language:English
Date:July 2019
Deposited On:17 Oct 2019 11:53
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:29
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0271-3586
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/ajim.22975
PubMed ID:31111529

Download

Closed Access: Download allowed only for UZH members