Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Aging markers in equine red blood cells


Kämpf, Sandra; Seiler, Elena; Bujok, Jolanta; Hofmann-Lehmann, Regina; Riond, Barbara; Makhro, Asya; Bogdanova, Anna (2019). Aging markers in equine red blood cells. Frontiers in Physiology, 10:893.

Abstract

Detection of hematopoietic activity in horses is a challenge due to the lack of cells carrying reticulocyte markers such as RNA remnants or CD71 in the circulation. In this study, we fractionated equine red cells according to their density and analyzed the cells forming low (L), medium (M), and high (H) density fractions for markers of aging such as membrane loss, oxidation, and alterations in the intracellular free Ca levels. Cells forming L and M fraction were highly heterogeneous in projected areas and shapes, and had higher propensity to swell in response to hypo-osmotic challenge than the cells from the H fraction. The densest cells were deprived of band 3 protein compared to the cells within L or M fraction. Furthermore, the equine red cells from the H fraction were hyper-oxidized compared to the cells within M and L fractions as follows from an increase in autofluorescence characteristic for oxidized damaged hemoglobin and from thiol oxidation as detected using monobromobimane. The lightest cells showed lower free thiol content compared to the red blood cells from the M fraction, but did not contain oxidized hemoglobin. Finally, the majority of red blood cells forming L, M, and H fraction prominently differed from each other in intracellular free Ca levels and its distribution within the cells. Based on the obtained findings, we suggest that intraerythrocytic Ca levels and its subcellular distribution, eosin-5-maleimide binding test for band 3 abundance, and autofluorescence of cells along with the changes in red blood cell indices, distribution width and creatine levels may become potential markers of regenerative erythropoiesis in horses. Validation of the power of these potential markers of red cell aging is pending.

Abstract

Detection of hematopoietic activity in horses is a challenge due to the lack of cells carrying reticulocyte markers such as RNA remnants or CD71 in the circulation. In this study, we fractionated equine red cells according to their density and analyzed the cells forming low (L), medium (M), and high (H) density fractions for markers of aging such as membrane loss, oxidation, and alterations in the intracellular free Ca levels. Cells forming L and M fraction were highly heterogeneous in projected areas and shapes, and had higher propensity to swell in response to hypo-osmotic challenge than the cells from the H fraction. The densest cells were deprived of band 3 protein compared to the cells within L or M fraction. Furthermore, the equine red cells from the H fraction were hyper-oxidized compared to the cells within M and L fractions as follows from an increase in autofluorescence characteristic for oxidized damaged hemoglobin and from thiol oxidation as detected using monobromobimane. The lightest cells showed lower free thiol content compared to the red blood cells from the M fraction, but did not contain oxidized hemoglobin. Finally, the majority of red blood cells forming L, M, and H fraction prominently differed from each other in intracellular free Ca levels and its distribution within the cells. Based on the obtained findings, we suggest that intraerythrocytic Ca levels and its subcellular distribution, eosin-5-maleimide binding test for band 3 abundance, and autofluorescence of cells along with the changes in red blood cell indices, distribution width and creatine levels may become potential markers of regenerative erythropoiesis in horses. Validation of the power of these potential markers of red cell aging is pending.

Statistics

Citations

Altmetrics

Downloads

21 downloads since deposited on 25 Oct 2019
21 downloads since 12 months
Detailed statistics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Center for Integrative Human Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Institute of Veterinary Physiology
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Center for Clinical Studies
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
Uncontrolled Keywords:aging; calcium; horse red blood cells; membrane loss; senescence
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:25 Oct 2019 11:42
Last Modified:14 Jan 2020 14:18
Publisher:Frontiers Research Foundation
ISSN:1664-042X
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3389/fphys.2019.00893
PubMed ID:31379601
Project Information:
  • : FunderSNSF
  • : Grant ID320030E_180227
  • : Project TitleNeocytolysis: Quantification, characterization, and mechanisms of the destruction of newly formed erythrocytes upon return from high altitude

Download

Gold Open Access

Download PDF  'Aging markers in equine red blood cells'.
Preview
Content: Published Version
Language: English
Filetype: PDF
Size: 3MB
View at publisher
Licence: Creative Commons: Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)