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Banks response to higher capital requirements: evidence from a quasi-natural experiment


Gropp, Reint; Mosk, Thomas; Wix, Carlo; Ongena, Steven (2019). Banks response to higher capital requirements: evidence from a quasi-natural experiment. Review of Financial Studies, 32(1):266-299.

Abstract

We study the impact of higher capital requirements on banks’ balance sheets and its transmission to the real economy. The 2011 EBA capital exercise is an almost ideal quasi-natural experiment to identify this impact with a difference-in-differences matching estimator. We find that treated banks increase their capital ratios by reducing their risk-weighted assets and - consistent with debt overhang - not by raising their levels of equity. Banks reduce lending to corporate and retail customers, resulting in lower asset-, investment- and sales growth for firms obtaining a larger share of their bank credit from the treated banks.

Abstract

We study the impact of higher capital requirements on banks’ balance sheets and its transmission to the real economy. The 2011 EBA capital exercise is an almost ideal quasi-natural experiment to identify this impact with a difference-in-differences matching estimator. We find that treated banks increase their capital ratios by reducing their risk-weighted assets and - consistent with debt overhang - not by raising their levels of equity. Banks reduce lending to corporate and retail customers, resulting in lower asset-, investment- and sales growth for firms obtaining a larger share of their bank credit from the treated banks.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Banking and Finance
Dewey Decimal Classification:330 Economics
Scopus Subject Areas:Social Sciences & Humanities > Accounting
Social Sciences & Humanities > Finance
Social Sciences & Humanities > Economics and Econometrics
Language:English
Date:1 January 2019
Deposited On:30 Oct 2019 10:06
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:32
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0893-9454
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/rfs/hhy052
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:16245

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