# Nodeless superconductivity and its evolution with pressure in the layered dirac semimetal $2M-WS_2$

Guguchia, Zurab; Gawryluk, Dariusz J; Brzezinska, Marta; Tsirkin, Stepan S; Khasanov, Rustem; Pomjakushina, Ekaterina; von Rohr, Fabian O; Verezhak, Joel A T; Hasan, M Zahid; Neupert, Titus; Luetkens, Hubertus; Amato, Alex (2019). Nodeless superconductivity and its evolution with pressure in the layered dirac semimetal $2M-WS_2$. npj Quantum Materials, 4(1):50.

## Abstract

Recently, the transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) system 2M-WS2 has been identified as a Dirac semimetal exhibiting both superconductivity with the highest Tc ~ 8.5 K among all the TMD materials and topological surface states. Here we report on muon spin rotation (μSR) and density functional theory studies of microscopic SC properties and the electronic structure in 2M-WS2 at ambient and under hydrostatic pressures (pmax = 1.9 GPa). The SC order parameter in 2M-WS2 is determined to have single-gap s-wave symmetry. We further show a strong negative pressure effect on Tc and on the SC gap Δ. This may be partly caused by the pressure induced reduction of the size of the electron pocket around the Γ-point. We also find that the superfluid density ns is weakly affected by pressure. The absence of a strong pressure effect on ns and the absence of a correlation between ns and Tc in 2M-WS2, in contrast to the other SC TMDs Td-MoTe2 and 2H-NbSe2, is explained in terms of its location in the optimal (ambient pressure) and above the optimal (under pressure) superconducting regions of the phase diagram and its large distance to the other possible competing or cooperating orders.

## Abstract

Recently, the transition metal dichalcogenide (TMD) system 2M-WS2 has been identified as a Dirac semimetal exhibiting both superconductivity with the highest Tc ~ 8.5 K among all the TMD materials and topological surface states. Here we report on muon spin rotation (μSR) and density functional theory studies of microscopic SC properties and the electronic structure in 2M-WS2 at ambient and under hydrostatic pressures (pmax = 1.9 GPa). The SC order parameter in 2M-WS2 is determined to have single-gap s-wave symmetry. We further show a strong negative pressure effect on Tc and on the SC gap Δ. This may be partly caused by the pressure induced reduction of the size of the electron pocket around the Γ-point. We also find that the superfluid density ns is weakly affected by pressure. The absence of a strong pressure effect on ns and the absence of a correlation between ns and Tc in 2M-WS2, in contrast to the other SC TMDs Td-MoTe2 and 2H-NbSe2, is explained in terms of its location in the optimal (ambient pressure) and above the optimal (under pressure) superconducting regions of the phase diagram and its large distance to the other possible competing or cooperating orders.

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Item Type: Journal Article, refereed, original work 07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry 07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute 530 Physics Physical Sciences > Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials Physical Sciences > Condensed Matter Physics English 1 December 2019 30 Oct 2019 11:18 26 Jan 2022 22:51 Nature Publishing Group 2397-4648 Gold Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41535-019-0189-5

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