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Development of Verb Morphology: From Item-Specificity to Proficient Use


Mazara, Jekaterina; Stoll, Sabine (2019). Development of Verb Morphology: From Item-Specificity to Proficient Use. In: The 41st Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Montreal, QC, 24 July 2019 - 27 July 2019, 2325-2331.

Abstract

The initial phase of linguistic production by children is char- acterized by rote-learned, lexically restricted forms and con- structions. Only during later phases of language acquisition do they develop flexibility across a paradigm and mix lexical and grammatical material more freely. In the development of verb morphology, a correlation between the use of tense and aspect has been observed in many languages. It has been sug- gested that this leads to an intermediary state of paradigm cat- egorization based on temporal categories. So far the flexibility of individual verbs occurring in different tense-aspect combi- nations has not been examined in detail. Here we evaluate the flexibility of verb use in a large longitudinal corpus of 4 Rus- sian children. We compute the Shannon entropy of verb stems distributed over individual grammatical forms. Results show that children do not pass through a stage of paradigm cate- gorization based on aspecto-temporal categories. After a brief item-specific phase of rote learned forms, they quickly become flexible users of verbs in both aspects.

Abstract

The initial phase of linguistic production by children is char- acterized by rote-learned, lexically restricted forms and con- structions. Only during later phases of language acquisition do they develop flexibility across a paradigm and mix lexical and grammatical material more freely. In the development of verb morphology, a correlation between the use of tense and aspect has been observed in many languages. It has been sug- gested that this leads to an intermediary state of paradigm cat- egorization based on temporal categories. So far the flexibility of individual verbs occurring in different tense-aspect combi- nations has not been examined in detail. Here we evaluate the flexibility of verb use in a large longitudinal corpus of 4 Rus- sian children. We compute the Shannon entropy of verb stems distributed over individual grammatical forms. Results show that children do not pass through a stage of paradigm cate- gorization based on aspecto-temporal categories. After a brief item-specific phase of rote learned forms, they quickly become flexible users of verbs in both aspects.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper), refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Comparative Linguistics
Dewey Decimal Classification:410 Linguistics
490 Other languages
Uncontrolled Keywords:language acquisition, aspect, verb morphology, Russian
Language:English
Event End Date:27 July 2019
Deposited On:29 Oct 2019 14:56
Last Modified:29 Oct 2019 14:56
Publisher:s.n.
ISBN:0-9911967-7-5
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Official URL:https://mindmodeling.org/cogsci2019/papers/0404/0404.pdf

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