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The current state and future outlook of rescue robotics


Delmerico, Jeffrey; Mintchev, Stefano; Giusti, Alessandro; Gromov, Boris; Melo, Kamilo; Horvat, Tomislav; Cadena, Cesar; Hutter, Marco; Ijspeert, Auke; Floreano, Dario; Gambardella, Luca M; Siegwart, Roland; Scaramuzza, Davide (2019). The current state and future outlook of rescue robotics. Journal of Field Robotics, 36(7):1171-1191.

Abstract

Robotic technologies, whether they are remotely operated vehicles, autonomous agents, assistive devices, or novel control interfaces, offer many promising capabilities for deployment in real world environments. Post-disaster scenarios are a particularly relevant target for applying such technologies, due to the challenging conditions faced by rescue workers and the possibility to increase their efficacy while decreasing the risks they face. However, field deployable technologies for rescue work have requirements for robustness, speed, versatility, and ease of use that may not be matched by the state of the art in robotics research. This
paper aims to survey the current state of the art in ground and aerial robots, marine and amphibious systems, and human-robot control interfaces and assess the readiness of these
technologies with respect to the needs of first responders and disaster recovery efforts. We have gathered expert opinions from emergency response stakeholders and researchers who conduct field deployments with them in order to understand these needs, and we present this assessment as a way to guide future research toward technologies that will make an impact in real world disaster response and recovery.

Abstract

Robotic technologies, whether they are remotely operated vehicles, autonomous agents, assistive devices, or novel control interfaces, offer many promising capabilities for deployment in real world environments. Post-disaster scenarios are a particularly relevant target for applying such technologies, due to the challenging conditions faced by rescue workers and the possibility to increase their efficacy while decreasing the risks they face. However, field deployable technologies for rescue work have requirements for robustness, speed, versatility, and ease of use that may not be matched by the state of the art in robotics research. This
paper aims to survey the current state of the art in ground and aerial robots, marine and amphibious systems, and human-robot control interfaces and assess the readiness of these
technologies with respect to the needs of first responders and disaster recovery efforts. We have gathered expert opinions from emergency response stakeholders and researchers who conduct field deployments with them in order to understand these needs, and we present this assessment as a way to guide future research toward technologies that will make an impact in real world disaster response and recovery.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:03 Faculty of Economics > Department of Informatics
Dewey Decimal Classification:000 Computer science, knowledge & systems
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Control and Systems Engineering
Physical Sciences > Computer Science Applications
Language:English
Date:6 August 2019
Deposited On:30 Oct 2019 11:21
Last Modified:27 Nov 2020 07:32
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:1556-4959
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/rob.21887
Other Identification Number:merlin-id:18681

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