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News media coverage of climate change in India 1997-2016: using automated content analysis to assess themes and topics


Keller, Tobias R; Hase, Valerie; Thaker, Jagadish; Mahl, Daniela; Schäfer, Mike S (2020). News media coverage of climate change in India 1997-2016: using automated content analysis to assess themes and topics. Environmental Communication, 14(2):219-235.

Abstract

News media play an important role for public awareness and perception of climate change – and thus citizens’ behavior. Few studies focus on media coverage in poor and developing countries such as India – the third-largest polluter and an important player in global climate change policies. Further, even these few studies on Indian media coverage span short time periods, focus on specific events, and evaluate pre-defined themes. Applying LDA topic modeling on 18,224 climate change articles published between 1997 and 2016 in two Indian newspapers, we find that climate change coverage in India has increased substantially in the last 20 years. We categorized the coverage into 28 different topics related to four overarching themes: “Climate Change Impacts”, “Climate Science”, “Climate Politics”, and “Climate Change and Society”. Climate change has gained more media attention since 2007 in general with a particular increase in focus on the theme “Climate Change Impacts”. Implications about shifting media discourses and its potential to educate people and change policies are discussed.

Abstract

News media play an important role for public awareness and perception of climate change – and thus citizens’ behavior. Few studies focus on media coverage in poor and developing countries such as India – the third-largest polluter and an important player in global climate change policies. Further, even these few studies on Indian media coverage span short time periods, focus on specific events, and evaluate pre-defined themes. Applying LDA topic modeling on 18,224 climate change articles published between 1997 and 2016 in two Indian newspapers, we find that climate change coverage in India has increased substantially in the last 20 years. We categorized the coverage into 28 different topics related to four overarching themes: “Climate Change Impacts”, “Climate Science”, “Climate Politics”, and “Climate Change and Society”. Climate change has gained more media attention since 2007 in general with a particular increase in focus on the theme “Climate Change Impacts”. Implications about shifting media discourses and its potential to educate people and change policies are discussed.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Department of Communication and Media Research
Dewey Decimal Classification:700 Arts
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
Physical Sciences > Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
Uncontrolled Keywords:Climate change, media coverage, India, topic modeling, longitudinal analysis
Language:English
Date:17 February 2020
Deposited On:11 Nov 2019 08:42
Last Modified:14 Aug 2020 00:00
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1752-4032
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/17524032.2019.1643383

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