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Time-to-first appropriate shock in patients implanted prophylactically with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: data from the Survey on Arrhythmic Events in BRUgada Syndrome (SABRUS)


Milman, Anat; Hochstadt, Aviram; Andorin, Antoine; Gourraud, Jean-Baptiste; Sacher, Frederic; Mabo, Philippe; Kim, Sung-Hwan; Conte, Giulio; et al (2019). Time-to-first appropriate shock in patients implanted prophylactically with an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator: data from the Survey on Arrhythmic Events in BRUgada Syndrome (SABRUS). Europace, 21(5):796-802.

Abstract

AIMS
Data on predictors of time-to-first appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with Brugada Syndrome (BrS) and prophylactically implanted ICD's are scarce.
METHODS AND RESULTS
SABRUS (Survey on Arrhythmic Events in BRUgada Syndrome) is an international survey on 678 BrS patients who experienced arrhythmic event (AE) including 252 patients in whom AE occurred after prophylactic ICD implantation. Analysis was performed on time-to-first appropriate ICD discharge regarding patients' characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression models were utilized to identify which parameters predicted time to arrhythmia ≤5 years. The median time-to-first appropriate ICD therapy was 24.8 ± 2.8 months. A shorter time was observed in patients from Asian ethnicity (P < 0.05), those with syncope (P = 0.001), and those with Class IIa indication for ICD (P = 0.001). A longer time was associated with a positive family history of sudden cardiac death (P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression revealed shorter time-to-ICD therapy in patients with syncope [odds ratio (OR) 1.65, P = 0.001]. In 193 patients (76.6%), therapy was delivered during the first 5 years. Factors associated with this time were syncope (OR 0.36, P = 0.001), spontaneous Type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG) (OR 0.5, P < 0.05), and Class IIa indication (OR 0.38, P < 0.01) as opposed to Class IIb (OR 2.41, P < 0.01). A near-significant trend for female gender was also noted (OR 0.13, P = 0.052). Two score models for prediction of <5 years to shock were built.
CONCLUSION
First appropriate therapy in BrS patients with prophylactic ICD's occurred during the first 5 years in 76.6% of patients. Syncope and spontaneous Type 1 Brugada ECG correlated with a shorter time to ICD therapy.

Abstract

AIMS
Data on predictors of time-to-first appropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy in patients with Brugada Syndrome (BrS) and prophylactically implanted ICD's are scarce.
METHODS AND RESULTS
SABRUS (Survey on Arrhythmic Events in BRUgada Syndrome) is an international survey on 678 BrS patients who experienced arrhythmic event (AE) including 252 patients in whom AE occurred after prophylactic ICD implantation. Analysis was performed on time-to-first appropriate ICD discharge regarding patients' characteristics. Multivariate logistic regression models were utilized to identify which parameters predicted time to arrhythmia ≤5 years. The median time-to-first appropriate ICD therapy was 24.8 ± 2.8 months. A shorter time was observed in patients from Asian ethnicity (P < 0.05), those with syncope (P = 0.001), and those with Class IIa indication for ICD (P = 0.001). A longer time was associated with a positive family history of sudden cardiac death (P < 0.05). Multivariate Cox regression revealed shorter time-to-ICD therapy in patients with syncope [odds ratio (OR) 1.65, P = 0.001]. In 193 patients (76.6%), therapy was delivered during the first 5 years. Factors associated with this time were syncope (OR 0.36, P = 0.001), spontaneous Type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG) (OR 0.5, P < 0.05), and Class IIa indication (OR 0.38, P < 0.01) as opposed to Class IIb (OR 2.41, P < 0.01). A near-significant trend for female gender was also noted (OR 0.13, P = 0.052). Two score models for prediction of <5 years to shock were built.
CONCLUSION
First appropriate therapy in BrS patients with prophylactic ICD's occurred during the first 5 years in 76.6% of patients. Syncope and spontaneous Type 1 Brugada ECG correlated with a shorter time to ICD therapy.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Cardiocentro Ticino
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Health Sciences > Physiology (medical)
Language:English
Date:1 May 2019
Deposited On:31 Oct 2019 10:57
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:34
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1099-5129
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/europace/euy301
PubMed ID:30590530

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