Header

UZH-Logo

Maintenance Infos

Jo1-antisynthetase syndrome and severe interstitial lung disease with organising pneumonia on histopathology with favourable outcome on early combined treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil and rituximab


Rüegg, Christine A; Maurer, Britta; Laube, Irène; Scholtze, Dieter (2019). Jo1-antisynthetase syndrome and severe interstitial lung disease with organising pneumonia on histopathology with favourable outcome on early combined treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil and rituximab. BMJ Case Reports, 12(9):e231006.

Abstract

Antisynthetase syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease and represents a distinct entity within the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Its variable systemic manifestations are composed of myositis, interstitial lung disease, non-erosive arthritis, fever, Raynaud's phenomenon, hyperkeratotic skin changes and the presence of antibodies against aminoacyl-transfer-RNA-synthetases. Interstitial lung disease is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality. The role of lung biopsy remains controversial but it might be considered on an individual basis and may provide information regarding prognosis and treatment response. An integrated clinical, radiological and pathological approach to interstitial lung disease has to be emphasised. Due to the rarity of the disease, no standardised treatment guidelines for antisynthetase syndrome exist. We discuss a patient with anti-Jo1-autoantibody antisynthetase syndrome with proximal myositis and severe, rapid onset, interstitial lung disease with a histopathological pattern of organising pneumonia on surgical lung biopsy and good response to early combined immunosuppressive treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil and rituximab.

Abstract

Antisynthetase syndrome is a rare autoimmune disease and represents a distinct entity within the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies. Its variable systemic manifestations are composed of myositis, interstitial lung disease, non-erosive arthritis, fever, Raynaud's phenomenon, hyperkeratotic skin changes and the presence of antibodies against aminoacyl-transfer-RNA-synthetases. Interstitial lung disease is the major determinant of morbidity and mortality. The role of lung biopsy remains controversial but it might be considered on an individual basis and may provide information regarding prognosis and treatment response. An integrated clinical, radiological and pathological approach to interstitial lung disease has to be emphasised. Due to the rarity of the disease, no standardised treatment guidelines for antisynthetase syndrome exist. We discuss a patient with anti-Jo1-autoantibody antisynthetase syndrome with proximal myositis and severe, rapid onset, interstitial lung disease with a histopathological pattern of organising pneumonia on surgical lung biopsy and good response to early combined immunosuppressive treatment with corticosteroids, mycophenolate mofetil and rituximab.

Statistics

Citations

Dimensions.ai Metrics
2 citations in Web of Science®
4 citations in Scopus®
Google Scholar™

Altmetrics

Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Rheumatology Clinic and Institute of Physical Medicine
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Medicine
Language:English
Date:12 September 2019
Deposited On:06 Nov 2019 11:48
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:39
Publisher:BMJ Publishing Group
ISSN:1757-790X
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1136/bcr-2019-231006
PubMed ID:31519721

Download

Full text not available from this repository.
View at publisher

Get full-text in a library