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Minimal invasive Extraktion von adulten Dirofilaria immitis bei einem Hund mit Kavalsyndrom


Glaus, Toni M; Ivasovic, F; Jörger, Fabiola Binia; Schreiber, N; Baron Toaldo, Marco (2019). Minimal invasive Extraktion von adulten Dirofilaria immitis bei einem Hund mit Kavalsyndrom. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(11):749-754.

Abstract

Caval syndrome due to infection with Dirofilaria (D.) immitis is a life-threatening situation, needing immediate therapeutic intervention. Severe pulmonary hypertension due to dirofilariosis was diagnosed echocardiographically in a 3.6 kg dog with heart failure and moderate hemolytic anemia. A ball of adult worms was visualized in the tricuspid valve area. Using a modified pigtail catheter, these worms were removed under fluoroscopic guidance by a transvenous approach. Already intraoperatively the hemodynamic condition improved. Subsequently, additional routine adulticide treatment was performed without complications. Over the following weeks the severe pulmonary hypertension normalized slowly but steadily. Manual extraction of adult D. immitis can be achieved with relatively simple tools and allows rapid stabilization of a critically sick patient.

Abstract

Caval syndrome due to infection with Dirofilaria (D.) immitis is a life-threatening situation, needing immediate therapeutic intervention. Severe pulmonary hypertension due to dirofilariosis was diagnosed echocardiographically in a 3.6 kg dog with heart failure and moderate hemolytic anemia. A ball of adult worms was visualized in the tricuspid valve area. Using a modified pigtail catheter, these worms were removed under fluoroscopic guidance by a transvenous approach. Already intraoperatively the hemodynamic condition improved. Subsequently, additional routine adulticide treatment was performed without complications. Over the following weeks the severe pulmonary hypertension normalized slowly but steadily. Manual extraction of adult D. immitis can be achieved with relatively simple tools and allows rapid stabilization of a critically sick patient.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Minimal invasive extraction of adult Dirofilaria immitis in a dog with caval syndrom
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Clinical Diagnostics and Services
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Herzinsuffizienz; Hund; Katheter; cane; catetere; catheter; cathéter; chien; dog; heart failure; hypertension pulmonaire; insufficienza cardiaca; insuffisance cardiaque; ipertensione polmonare; pigtail; pulmonary hypertension; pulmonäre Hypertonie; queue de cochon.
Language:German
Date:5 November 2019
Deposited On:11 Dec 2019 13:00
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:45
Publisher:Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte
ISSN:0036-7281
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17236/sat00234
PubMed ID:31685448

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