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The structure of character: On the relationships between character strengths and virtues


Ruch, Willibald; Gander, Fabian; Wagner, Lisa; Giuliani, Fiorina (2019). The structure of character: On the relationships between character strengths and virtues. Journal of Positive Psychology:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Character strengths are morally valued trait-like personality characteristics which contribute to fulfillments that comprise the good life, for oneself and for others. In two studies, we tested the assignment of the 24 character strengths of the VIA classification to the 6 virtues. In Study 1 (N = 225), participants gave descriptions of situations where they applied their highest character strength in an excellent manner and rated each of these situations with respect to the six virtues. In Study 2 (N = 146) participants judged the degree to which each character strength fulfills the six functions associated with the virtues. The results converged with the theoretical model for most of the 24 character strengths. Additionally, we consider both dichotomous and polytomous assignments of character strengths to virtues and compare the results with earlier findings and factor analyses of the VIA-IS. Further research using different approaches is suggested to proposealternative assignments of character strengths to virtues.

Abstract

Character strengths are morally valued trait-like personality characteristics which contribute to fulfillments that comprise the good life, for oneself and for others. In two studies, we tested the assignment of the 24 character strengths of the VIA classification to the 6 virtues. In Study 1 (N = 225), participants gave descriptions of situations where they applied their highest character strength in an excellent manner and rated each of these situations with respect to the six virtues. In Study 2 (N = 146) participants judged the degree to which each character strength fulfills the six functions associated with the virtues. The results converged with the theoretical model for most of the 24 character strengths. Additionally, we consider both dichotomous and polytomous assignments of character strengths to virtues and compare the results with earlier findings and factor analyses of the VIA-IS. Further research using different approaches is suggested to proposealternative assignments of character strengths to virtues.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Psychology
Language:English
Date:8 November 2019
Deposited On:11 Nov 2019 09:55
Last Modified:11 Nov 2019 09:56
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1743-9760
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in "Journal of Positive Psychology" on 8th November 2019, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17439760.2019.1689418.
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/17439760.2019.1689418

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