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Extracellular Vesicles and their miRNA Cargo: A Means of Communication between Soma and Germline in the Mammalian Reproductive System


Maciel, Emmanuelle; Mansuy, Isabelle M (2019). Extracellular Vesicles and their miRNA Cargo: A Means of Communication between Soma and Germline in the Mammalian Reproductive System. CHIMIA International Journal for Chemistry, 73(5):356-361.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs able to silence gene expression by RNA interference. They are present in cells but many are contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) that can be released by cells in the circulation. Circulating EVs can encounter other cells in the body and deliver their miRNA cargo. This process enables long-range communication between different cells and has been proposed to play important physiological roles. One of these roles that remains less well studied is in the reproductive system. In ovaries and testes, constant communication between somatic cells and developing germ cells is necessary for their maturation and EVs have been proposed to contribute to this communication. EVs might also enable external factors derived from environmental exposure to reach gametes and keep a trace of exposure for the offspring.

Abstract

MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small non-coding RNAs able to silence gene expression by RNA interference. They are present in cells but many are contained in extracellular vesicles (EVs) that can be released by cells in the circulation. Circulating EVs can encounter other cells in the body and deliver their miRNA cargo. This process enables long-range communication between different cells and has been proposed to play important physiological roles. One of these roles that remains less well studied is in the reproductive system. In ovaries and testes, constant communication between somatic cells and developing germ cells is necessary for their maturation and EVs have been proposed to contribute to this communication. EVs might also enable external factors derived from environmental exposure to reach gametes and keep a trace of exposure for the offspring.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Brain Research Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Physical Sciences > General Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:General Chemistry, General Medicine
Language:English
Date:29 May 2019
Deposited On:20 Nov 2019 15:40
Last Modified:20 Apr 2021 09:03
Publisher:Swiss Chemical Society
ISSN:0009-4293
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.2533/chimia.2019.356

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