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Mindfulness and progressive muscle relaxation as standardized session-introduction in individual therapy: A randomized controlled trial


Mander, Johannes; Blanck, Paul; Neubauer, Andreas B; Kröger, Paula; Flückiger, Christoph; Lutz, Wolfgang; Barnow, Sven; Bents, Hinrich; Heidenreich, Thomas (2019). Mindfulness and progressive muscle relaxation as standardized session-introduction in individual therapy: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75(1):21-45.

Abstract

Objective: There is scarce research on the effects of mindfulness in individual therapy. As many practitioners integrate mindfulness exercises into individual therapy, empirical evidence is of high clinical relevance. Method: We investigated the effects of a session-introducing intervention with mindfulness elements (SIIME) in a randomized, controlled design. The effects of SIIME on therapeutic alliance and symptomatic outcome were compared with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and treatment-as-usual (TAU) control conditions. The sample comprised 162 patients with anxiety and depression.
Results: Multilevel modeling revealed a significant symptom reduction and significant increase of alliance over the course of therapy. There were no significant time-condition interactions on outcome and alliance, indicating the comparable efficiency of all three treatment conditions. Conclusion: We found no advantage of SIIME versus PMR and TAU. Add-on mindfulness might not improve individual therapy related to alliance and outcome.

Abstract

Objective: There is scarce research on the effects of mindfulness in individual therapy. As many practitioners integrate mindfulness exercises into individual therapy, empirical evidence is of high clinical relevance. Method: We investigated the effects of a session-introducing intervention with mindfulness elements (SIIME) in a randomized, controlled design. The effects of SIIME on therapeutic alliance and symptomatic outcome were compared with progressive muscle relaxation (PMR) and treatment-as-usual (TAU) control conditions. The sample comprised 162 patients with anxiety and depression.
Results: Multilevel modeling revealed a significant symptom reduction and significant increase of alliance over the course of therapy. There were no significant time-condition interactions on outcome and alliance, indicating the comparable efficiency of all three treatment conditions. Conclusion: We found no advantage of SIIME versus PMR and TAU. Add-on mindfulness might not improve individual therapy related to alliance and outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:06 Faculty of Arts > Institute of Psychology
Dewey Decimal Classification:150 Psychology
Language:English
Date:January 2019
Deposited On:27 Nov 2019 14:51
Last Modified:28 Nov 2019 08:35
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0021-9762
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/jclp.22695
PubMed ID:30295914

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