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The resting-state pulse-respiration quotient of humans: lognormally distributed and centred around a value of four


Scholkmann, F; Zohdi, H; Wolf, U (2019). The resting-state pulse-respiration quotient of humans: lognormally distributed and centred around a value of four. Physiological Research, 68(6):1027-1032.

Abstract

The pulse-respiration quotient (heart rate divided by the respiration rate, PRQ=HR/RR) is a parameter capturing the complex state of cardiorespiratory interactions. We analysed 482 single PRQ values obtained from measurement on 134 healthy adult subjects (85 men, 49 women, age: 24.7 ± 3.4, range: 20-46 years) during rest. We found that the distribution of PRQ values (i) has a global maximum at around a value of 4 (median: 4.19) and (ii) follows a lognormal distribution function. A multimodality of the distribution, associated with several PRQ attractor states was not detected by our group-level based analysis. In summary, our analysis shows that in healthy humans the resting-state PRQ is around 4 and lognormally distributed. This finding supports claims about the special role of the 4 to 1 cardiorespiratory coupling in particular and the PRQ in general for physiological and medical views and applications. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the largest conducted so far in healthy adult humans about reference values of the PRQ during a resting-state at day.

Abstract

The pulse-respiration quotient (heart rate divided by the respiration rate, PRQ=HR/RR) is a parameter capturing the complex state of cardiorespiratory interactions. We analysed 482 single PRQ values obtained from measurement on 134 healthy adult subjects (85 men, 49 women, age: 24.7 ± 3.4, range: 20-46 years) during rest. We found that the distribution of PRQ values (i) has a global maximum at around a value of 4 (median: 4.19) and (ii) follows a lognormal distribution function. A multimodality of the distribution, associated with several PRQ attractor states was not detected by our group-level based analysis. In summary, our analysis shows that in healthy humans the resting-state PRQ is around 4 and lognormally distributed. This finding supports claims about the special role of the 4 to 1 cardiorespiratory coupling in particular and the PRQ in general for physiological and medical views and applications. To the best of our knowledge, our study is the largest conducted so far in healthy adult humans about reference values of the PRQ during a resting-state at day.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Neonatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Physiology
Language:English
Date:30 December 2019
Deposited On:10 Dec 2019 13:52
Last Modified:22 Apr 2020 21:34
Publisher:Institute of Physiology, Czech Academy of Sciences
ISSN:0862-8408
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Official URL. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.33549/physiolres.934232
Official URL:http://www.biomed.cas.cz/physiolres/pdf/2019/68_1027.pdf
PubMed ID:31647303

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