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Spatial organization of endometrial gene expression at the onset of embryo attachment in pigs


Zeng, Shuqin; Ulbrich, Susanne E; Bauersachs, Stefan (2019). Spatial organization of endometrial gene expression at the onset of embryo attachment in pigs. BMC Genomics, 20(1):895.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During the preimplantation phase in the pig, the conceptus trophoblast elongates into a filamentous form and secretes estrogens, interleukin 1 beta 2, interferons, and other signaling molecules before attaching to the uterine epithelium. The processes in the uterine endometrium in response to conceptus signaling are complex. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize transcriptome changes in porcine endometrium during the time of conceptus attachment considering the specific localization in different endometrial cell types.
RESULTS: Low-input RNA-sequencing was conducted for the main endometrial compartments, luminal epithelium (LE), glandular epithelium (GE), blood vessels (BV), and stroma. Samples were isolated from endometria collected on Day 14 of pregnancy and the estrous cycle (each group n = 4) by laser capture microdissection. The expression of 12,000, 11,903, 11,094, and 11,933 genes was detectable in LE, GE, BV, and stroma, respectively. Differential expression analysis was performed between the pregnant and cyclic group for each cell type as well as for a corresponding dataset for complete endometrium tissue samples. The highest number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was found for LE (1410) compared to GE, BV, and stroma (800, 1216, and 384). For the complete tissue, 3262 DEGs were obtained. The DEGs were assigned to Gene Ontology (GO) terms to find overrepresented functional categories and pathways specific for the individual endometrial compartments. GO classification revealed that DEGs in LE were involved in 'biosynthetic processes', 'related to ion transport', and 'apoptotic processes', whereas 'cell migration', 'cell growth', 'signaling', and 'metabolic/biosynthetic processes' categories were enriched for GE. For blood vessels, categories such as 'focal adhesion', 'actin cytoskeleton', 'cell junction', 'cell differentiation and development' were found as overrepresented, while for stromal samples, most DEGs were assigned to 'extracellular matrix', 'gap junction', and 'ER to Golgi vesicles'.
CONCLUSIONS: The localization of differential gene expression to different endometrial cell types provided a significantly improved view on the regulation of biological processes involved in conceptus implantation, such as the control of uterine fluid secretion, trophoblast attachment, growth regulation by Wnt signaling and other signaling pathways, as well as the modulation of the maternal immune system.

Abstract

BACKGROUND: During the preimplantation phase in the pig, the conceptus trophoblast elongates into a filamentous form and secretes estrogens, interleukin 1 beta 2, interferons, and other signaling molecules before attaching to the uterine epithelium. The processes in the uterine endometrium in response to conceptus signaling are complex. Thus, the objective of this study was to characterize transcriptome changes in porcine endometrium during the time of conceptus attachment considering the specific localization in different endometrial cell types.
RESULTS: Low-input RNA-sequencing was conducted for the main endometrial compartments, luminal epithelium (LE), glandular epithelium (GE), blood vessels (BV), and stroma. Samples were isolated from endometria collected on Day 14 of pregnancy and the estrous cycle (each group n = 4) by laser capture microdissection. The expression of 12,000, 11,903, 11,094, and 11,933 genes was detectable in LE, GE, BV, and stroma, respectively. Differential expression analysis was performed between the pregnant and cyclic group for each cell type as well as for a corresponding dataset for complete endometrium tissue samples. The highest number of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) was found for LE (1410) compared to GE, BV, and stroma (800, 1216, and 384). For the complete tissue, 3262 DEGs were obtained. The DEGs were assigned to Gene Ontology (GO) terms to find overrepresented functional categories and pathways specific for the individual endometrial compartments. GO classification revealed that DEGs in LE were involved in 'biosynthetic processes', 'related to ion transport', and 'apoptotic processes', whereas 'cell migration', 'cell growth', 'signaling', and 'metabolic/biosynthetic processes' categories were enriched for GE. For blood vessels, categories such as 'focal adhesion', 'actin cytoskeleton', 'cell junction', 'cell differentiation and development' were found as overrepresented, while for stromal samples, most DEGs were assigned to 'extracellular matrix', 'gap junction', and 'ER to Golgi vesicles'.
CONCLUSIONS: The localization of differential gene expression to different endometrial cell types provided a significantly improved view on the regulation of biological processes involved in conceptus implantation, such as the control of uterine fluid secretion, trophoblast attachment, growth regulation by Wnt signaling and other signaling pathways, as well as the modulation of the maternal immune system.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Life Sciences > Biotechnology
Life Sciences > Genetics
Language:English
Date:21 November 2019
Deposited On:13 Dec 2019 12:20
Last Modified:12 Sep 2020 11:49
Publisher:BioMed Central
ISSN:1471-2164
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:PubMed ID. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-019-6264-2
PubMed ID:31752681

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