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Changes of Supraspinatus Muscle Volume and Fat Fraction After Successful or Failed Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair


Wieser, Karl; Joshy, Jethin; Filli, Lukas; Kriechling, Philipp; Sutter, Reto; Fürnstahl, Philipp; Valdivieso, Paola; Wyss, Sabine; Meyer, Dominik C; Flück, Martin; Gerber, Christian (2019). Changes of Supraspinatus Muscle Volume and Fat Fraction After Successful or Failed Arthroscopic Rotator Cuff Repair. American Journal of Sports Medicine, 47(13):3080-3088.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration are limiting factors for successful rotator cuff (RC) repair. Quantitative data regarding these hallmarks of degenerative muscle changes after RC repair in humans are scarce. By utilizing a new application of the 6-point Dixon magnetic resonance imaging technology, 3-dimensional volume and fat fraction analysis of the whole RC muscle have become possible.

PURPOSE

Quantitative analysis of atrophy and fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus muscle after healed and failed RC tendon-to-bone repair.

STUDY DESIGN

Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

METHODS

Muscle volume and fat fraction were measured preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively in 19 failed and 21 healed arthroscopic supraspinatus tendon repairs, with full muscle volume segmentation and magnetic resonance Dixon sequences.

RESULTS

In both groups, the muscle volume initially decreased 3 months after RC repair by -3% in intact (P = .140) and -10% in failed repair (P = .004) but recovered between 3 and 12 months to 103% (P = .274) in intact and 92% (P = .040) in failed repairs when compared with the preoperative volume (difference of change between groups, preoperative to 12 month: P = .013). The supraspinatus muscle's fat fraction did not significantly change after successful repair (6.5% preoperative, 6.6% after 3 months, and 6.7% after 12 months; all nonsignificant). There was, however, a significant increase from 7.8% to 10.8% at 3 months (P = .014) and 11.4% at 12 months (P = .020) after failed repair (difference between groups at 3- and 12-month follow-up: P = .018 and P = .001, respectively).

CONCLUSION

After successful arthroscopic repair, RC tendon tear-induced fatty infiltration can be almost stopped, and muscle atrophy can even be slightly reversed. In case of a failed repair, however, these changes are further pronounced during the first 3 postoperative months but seem to stabilize thereafter.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Muscle atrophy and fatty infiltration are limiting factors for successful rotator cuff (RC) repair. Quantitative data regarding these hallmarks of degenerative muscle changes after RC repair in humans are scarce. By utilizing a new application of the 6-point Dixon magnetic resonance imaging technology, 3-dimensional volume and fat fraction analysis of the whole RC muscle have become possible.

PURPOSE

Quantitative analysis of atrophy and fatty infiltration of the supraspinatus muscle after healed and failed RC tendon-to-bone repair.

STUDY DESIGN

Cohort study; Level of evidence, 3.

METHODS

Muscle volume and fat fraction were measured preoperatively and at 3 and 12 months postoperatively in 19 failed and 21 healed arthroscopic supraspinatus tendon repairs, with full muscle volume segmentation and magnetic resonance Dixon sequences.

RESULTS

In both groups, the muscle volume initially decreased 3 months after RC repair by -3% in intact (P = .140) and -10% in failed repair (P = .004) but recovered between 3 and 12 months to 103% (P = .274) in intact and 92% (P = .040) in failed repairs when compared with the preoperative volume (difference of change between groups, preoperative to 12 month: P = .013). The supraspinatus muscle's fat fraction did not significantly change after successful repair (6.5% preoperative, 6.6% after 3 months, and 6.7% after 12 months; all nonsignificant). There was, however, a significant increase from 7.8% to 10.8% at 3 months (P = .014) and 11.4% at 12 months (P = .020) after failed repair (difference between groups at 3- and 12-month follow-up: P = .018 and P = .001, respectively).

CONCLUSION

After successful arthroscopic repair, RC tendon tear-induced fatty infiltration can be almost stopped, and muscle atrophy can even be slightly reversed. In case of a failed repair, however, these changes are further pronounced during the first 3 postoperative months but seem to stabilize thereafter.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Health Sciences > Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
Language:English
Date:November 2019
Deposited On:12 Feb 2020 12:01
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:57
Publisher:Sage Publications
ISSN:0363-5465
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546519876289
PubMed ID:31536372

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