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Neither lateral patellar facet nor patellar size are altered in patellofemoral unstable patients: a comparative magnetic resonance imaging analysis


Otto, Alexander; Tscholl, Philippe M; Pääsuke, Reedik; Herbst, Elmar; Willinger, Lukas; Imhoff, Andreas B; Brucker, P U (2020). Neither lateral patellar facet nor patellar size are altered in patellofemoral unstable patients: a comparative magnetic resonance imaging analysis. Knee surgery, sports traumatology, arthroscopy: official journal of the ESSKA, 28(4):1064-1071.

Abstract

PURPOSE

It remains unclear if morphologic patterns of the patella itself predispose to patellar instability. This study examined established patellar landmarks in relation to the femoral condyle width to clarify differences of patellar morphologies in patellofemoral stable and unstable patients.

METHODS

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of 50 subjects (20.7 ± 4.4 years; 17 males, 33 females) with patellofemoral instability (study group, SG) and 50 subjects (25.3 ± 5.8 years; 31 males, 19 females) with anterior cruciate ligament rupture (control group, CG) were analyzed. Corresponding patellar value indices (PW-I; LPF-I 1; LPF-I 2) in relation to the femoral condyle width (FCW) were evaluated after the measurement of absolute patellar dimension [patellar width (PW); direct length of the lateral patellar facet (LPF-1); projected length of the lateral patellar facet (LPF-2)]. The patellar shape according to Wiberg, trochlear dysplasia, patellar height, and tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance were determined.

RESULTS

The SG showed a significantly longer absolute (LPF 2) (P = 0.041) and relative (LPF-I 1, LPF-I 2) (P < 0.001) lateral facet of the patella. No significant differences were evaluable for the relative patellar width (PW-I) (ns). A patellar shape type 3 (P = 0.001) as well as a higher position of the patella and TT-TG-distance (P < 0.001) were significantly more often present in the SG.

CONCLUSION

There are several bony alterations associated with patellofemoral instability, but our data did not show a significantly smaller lateral patellar facet or relative patellar width that could facilitate a patellar dislocation. This helps surgeons, that are considering to surgically address the patella in cases of patellofemoral instability, to better understand its morphologic pattern.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

III.

Abstract

PURPOSE

It remains unclear if morphologic patterns of the patella itself predispose to patellar instability. This study examined established patellar landmarks in relation to the femoral condyle width to clarify differences of patellar morphologies in patellofemoral stable and unstable patients.

METHODS

Magnetic Resonance Imaging of 50 subjects (20.7 ± 4.4 years; 17 males, 33 females) with patellofemoral instability (study group, SG) and 50 subjects (25.3 ± 5.8 years; 31 males, 19 females) with anterior cruciate ligament rupture (control group, CG) were analyzed. Corresponding patellar value indices (PW-I; LPF-I 1; LPF-I 2) in relation to the femoral condyle width (FCW) were evaluated after the measurement of absolute patellar dimension [patellar width (PW); direct length of the lateral patellar facet (LPF-1); projected length of the lateral patellar facet (LPF-2)]. The patellar shape according to Wiberg, trochlear dysplasia, patellar height, and tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance were determined.

RESULTS

The SG showed a significantly longer absolute (LPF 2) (P = 0.041) and relative (LPF-I 1, LPF-I 2) (P < 0.001) lateral facet of the patella. No significant differences were evaluable for the relative patellar width (PW-I) (ns). A patellar shape type 3 (P = 0.001) as well as a higher position of the patella and TT-TG-distance (P < 0.001) were significantly more often present in the SG.

CONCLUSION

There are several bony alterations associated with patellofemoral instability, but our data did not show a significantly smaller lateral patellar facet or relative patellar width that could facilitate a patellar dislocation. This helps surgeons, that are considering to surgically address the patella in cases of patellofemoral instability, to better understand its morphologic pattern.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE

III.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Balgrist University Hospital, Swiss Spinal Cord Injury Center
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Surgery
Health Sciences > Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Language:English
Date:1 April 2020
Deposited On:12 Feb 2020 11:46
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 11:57
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0942-2056
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-019-05660-7
PubMed ID:31456062

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