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Comparison of the effects of five semen extenders on the quality of frozen-thawed equine epididymal sperm


Neuhauser, Stefanie; Bollwein, Heiner; Siuda, Mathias; Handler, Johannes (2019). Comparison of the effects of five semen extenders on the quality of frozen-thawed equine epididymal sperm. Journal of Equine Veterinary Science, 79:1-8.

Abstract

Cryopreservation of epididymal sperm allows the saving of genetic material in case of unexpected death or emergency castration. The aim of the present study was the comparison of five different combinations of extenders commercially available for equine frozen semen processing for cryopreservation of epididymal sperm. Epididymal sperm were harvested from gonads of 10 healthy stallions after routine castration by retrograde flush technique. Then, samples were split and diluted with (1) INRA96 + INRA Freeze, (2) BotuSemen + BotuCRIO, (3) EquiPlus + Gent Freeze, (4) EquiPlus + EquiPlus Freeze, and (5) Gent + Gent Freeze. Extenders 1 and 2 showed higher values for total and progressive motility after thawing compared with extender 4 (P < .05). Extender 3 was in between 1 and 2 (P > .05), and extender 5 resulted in the lowest values (P < .05). The subpopulation of viable frozen-thawed sperm with high mitochondrial membrane potential and low intracellular calcium content was higher using extender 1 compared with extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05) and higher in extender 2 compared with extenders 4 and 5 immediately after thawing (P < .05). After 1 hour of incubation, this subpopulation yielded the highest values in extender 2 (P < .05). Immediately after thawing, extender 1 yielded higher values for percentage of DFI and mean DFI than extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05). Following 1 hour of incubation after thawing, sperm processed with extender 1 resulted in the highest values for percentage of DFI and mean DFI (P < .05). Using extender 2, mean DFI values were lower than those in extender 1 and higher than the extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05). The study revealed that according to the examined sperm quality parameters, freezing extenders (extender 1, extender 2) using low concentrations of glycerol either combined with or without methylformamide were beneficial for cryopreservation of stallion epididymal sperm. For processing of stallion epididymal sperm, an extender containing milk proteins (extenders 1-4) for initial dilution after sperm harvesting is preferable to an extender including egg yolk (extender 5).

Abstract

Cryopreservation of epididymal sperm allows the saving of genetic material in case of unexpected death or emergency castration. The aim of the present study was the comparison of five different combinations of extenders commercially available for equine frozen semen processing for cryopreservation of epididymal sperm. Epididymal sperm were harvested from gonads of 10 healthy stallions after routine castration by retrograde flush technique. Then, samples were split and diluted with (1) INRA96 + INRA Freeze, (2) BotuSemen + BotuCRIO, (3) EquiPlus + Gent Freeze, (4) EquiPlus + EquiPlus Freeze, and (5) Gent + Gent Freeze. Extenders 1 and 2 showed higher values for total and progressive motility after thawing compared with extender 4 (P < .05). Extender 3 was in between 1 and 2 (P > .05), and extender 5 resulted in the lowest values (P < .05). The subpopulation of viable frozen-thawed sperm with high mitochondrial membrane potential and low intracellular calcium content was higher using extender 1 compared with extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05) and higher in extender 2 compared with extenders 4 and 5 immediately after thawing (P < .05). After 1 hour of incubation, this subpopulation yielded the highest values in extender 2 (P < .05). Immediately after thawing, extender 1 yielded higher values for percentage of DFI and mean DFI than extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05). Following 1 hour of incubation after thawing, sperm processed with extender 1 resulted in the highest values for percentage of DFI and mean DFI (P < .05). Using extender 2, mean DFI values were lower than those in extender 1 and higher than the extenders 3, 4, and 5 (P < .05). The study revealed that according to the examined sperm quality parameters, freezing extenders (extender 1, extender 2) using low concentrations of glycerol either combined with or without methylformamide were beneficial for cryopreservation of stallion epididymal sperm. For processing of stallion epididymal sperm, an extender containing milk proteins (extenders 1-4) for initial dilution after sperm harvesting is preferable to an extender including egg yolk (extender 5).

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Farm Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Equine
Uncontrolled Keywords:Equine, Cryopreservation; Cryoprotectants; Flow cytometry; Freezing extender; Horse; Stallion.
Language:English
Date:1 August 2019
Deposited On:16 Dec 2019 11:54
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:00
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:0737-0806
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2019.05.002
PubMed ID:31405486

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