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Applying user-centred design for smartwatch-based pedestrian navigation system


Perebner, Martin; Huang, Haosheng; Gartner, Georg (2019). Applying user-centred design for smartwatch-based pedestrian navigation system. Journal of Location Based Services, 13(3):213-237.

Abstract

The characteristics of a smartwatch impose several challenges regardig the design of a pedestrian navigation aid. This paper illustrates how landmark-based pedestrian navigation systems for smartwatches can be developed, considering the small screen sizes as well as the very limited interaction capacities of these wrist-worn devices. Particularly, by the use of a user-centred design approach, an initial user interface was developed, tested, and refined in two field experiments to create a final user interface. A combination of map view and direction view was proposed, where the map view provides an overview of the environment and route, while the direction view gives clear instructions (turning information) for decision points. The interface was further enhanced by the use of vibrations before decision points. In addition, landmarks were carefully considered and incorporated into both map view and direction view. The field experiments showed that these key features of the revised interface can effectively support pedestrian navigation via smartwatches.

Abstract

The characteristics of a smartwatch impose several challenges regardig the design of a pedestrian navigation aid. This paper illustrates how landmark-based pedestrian navigation systems for smartwatches can be developed, considering the small screen sizes as well as the very limited interaction capacities of these wrist-worn devices. Particularly, by the use of a user-centred design approach, an initial user interface was developed, tested, and refined in two field experiments to create a final user interface. A combination of map view and direction view was proposed, where the map view provides an overview of the environment and route, while the direction view gives clear instructions (turning information) for decision points. The interface was further enhanced by the use of vibrations before decision points. In addition, landmarks were carefully considered and incorporated into both map view and direction view. The field experiments showed that these key features of the revised interface can effectively support pedestrian navigation via smartwatches.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
Dewey Decimal Classification:910 Geography & travel
Uncontrolled Keywords:Signal Processing, Computer Networks and Communications, Electrical and Electronic Engineering
Language:English
Date:3 July 2019
Deposited On:20 Dec 2019 15:07
Last Modified:20 Dec 2019 15:42
Publisher:Taylor & Francis
ISSN:1748-9725
Additional Information:This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Journal of Location Based Services on 2019, available online: http://wwww.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17489725.2019.1610582
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/17489725.2019.1610582

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