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Trattamento di una lussazione dell’anca e della rotula in un cane toy


Castelli, Emanuele; Longo, Federico; Pozzi, Antonio (2019). Trattamento di una lussazione dell’anca e della rotula in un cane toy. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(12):831-836.

Abstract

The present case report describes the surgical treatment of a traumatic craniodorsal luxation of the hip and a concomitant medial congenital luxation of the patella (3rd grade) in an 11-year-old Yorkshire Terrier. First the hip luxation was corrected with a cemented hip prosthesis. The femoral stem was inserted in slight anteversion (15°) with respect to the preoperative condition (5°), this contributed contrasting the medial traction of the femoral quadriceps on the patella, improving patellar luxation from 3rd to 2nd grade. However, the persistent patellar luxation and intermittent lameness reduced limb function and made a second intervention necessary. Four weeks after prosthetic surgery, a femoral trocleoplasty and lateral transposition of the tibial crest were performed to definitively re-establish a correct replacement of the patella in the femoral trochlea. No perioperative complications were found. At the final examination the patient did not show any lameness or pain that could be evoked when manipulating the surgically corrected limb. The surgical treatment allowed a restoration of the hip function and the alignment of the extensor mechanism of the femoral quadriceps and ensured a complete return to normal motor activities.

Abstract

The present case report describes the surgical treatment of a traumatic craniodorsal luxation of the hip and a concomitant medial congenital luxation of the patella (3rd grade) in an 11-year-old Yorkshire Terrier. First the hip luxation was corrected with a cemented hip prosthesis. The femoral stem was inserted in slight anteversion (15°) with respect to the preoperative condition (5°), this contributed contrasting the medial traction of the femoral quadriceps on the patella, improving patellar luxation from 3rd to 2nd grade. However, the persistent patellar luxation and intermittent lameness reduced limb function and made a second intervention necessary. Four weeks after prosthetic surgery, a femoral trocleoplasty and lateral transposition of the tibial crest were performed to definitively re-establish a correct replacement of the patella in the femoral trochlea. No perioperative complications were found. At the final examination the patient did not show any lameness or pain that could be evoked when manipulating the surgically corrected limb. The surgical treatment allowed a restoration of the hip function and the alignment of the extensor mechanism of the femoral quadriceps and ensured a complete return to normal motor activities.

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Additional indexing

Other titles:Treatment of a hip and patella luxation in a toy dog
Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:05 Vetsuisse Faculty > Veterinary Clinic > Department of Small Animals
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
630 Agriculture
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > General Veterinary
Uncontrolled Keywords:Hüftgelenksluxation; Hüftprothese; Kniescheiben­luxation; hip; hip dislocation; lussazione dell’anca; lussazione rotulea; luxation de la hanche; luxation de la rotule; patellar dislocation; protesi d’anca.; prothèse totale de hanche
Language:Italian
Date:5 December 2019
Deposited On:02 Dec 2019 12:42
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:04
Publisher:Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte
ISSN:0036-7281
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.17236/sat00239
PubMed ID:31782737

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