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Dopamine-Induced Dysconnectivity Between Salience Network and Auditory Cortex in Subjects With Psychotic-like Experiences: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study


Rössler, Julian; Rössler, Wulf; Seifritz, Erich; Unterrassner, Lui; Wyss, Thomas; Haker, Helene; Wotruba, Diana (2019). Dopamine-Induced Dysconnectivity Between Salience Network and Auditory Cortex in Subjects With Psychotic-like Experiences: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Study. Schizophrenia Bulletin:Epub ahead of print.

Abstract

Dopamine is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Disrupted salience processing by the salience network (SN) may be a central link between dysregulated dopamine function and psychotic symptoms. However, dopaminergic influence on the SN and its presumed influence on psychotic and subpsychotic symptoms or psychotic-like experiences in healthy individuals remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated dopamine-induced changes in functional connectivity of the right anterior insula (rAI), a central SN hub, and their association with psychotic-like experiences. We enrolled 54 healthy, right-handed male subjects in a randomized, double-blind, cross-sectional placebo-controlled experiment. Psychotic-like experiences were assessed using the revised Exceptional Experiences Questionnaire (PAGE-R). They then received either placebo (n = 32) or 200 mg L-DOPA (n = 33), a dopamine precursor, orally and underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. In a seed-to-voxel approach, we analyzed dopamine-induced changes in functional connectivity of the rAI and assessed the relationship between functional connectivity changes and PAGE-R score. L-DOPA reduced functional connectivity between the rAI and the left auditory cortex planum polare. In the placebo group, we found a strong negative correlation between PAGE-R score and rAI to planum polare functional connectivity; in the L-DOPA group, there was a strong positive correlation between PAGE-R score and functional connectivity between rAI and planum polare. The PAGE-R score explained about 30% of the functional connectivity variation between rAI and planum polare in the two groups. Our findings suggest that psychotic-like experiences are associated with dopamine-induced disruption of auditory input to the SN, which may lead to aberrant attribution of salience.

Abstract

Dopamine is involved in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia. Disrupted salience processing by the salience network (SN) may be a central link between dysregulated dopamine function and psychotic symptoms. However, dopaminergic influence on the SN and its presumed influence on psychotic and subpsychotic symptoms or psychotic-like experiences in healthy individuals remain unclear. Therefore, we investigated dopamine-induced changes in functional connectivity of the right anterior insula (rAI), a central SN hub, and their association with psychotic-like experiences. We enrolled 54 healthy, right-handed male subjects in a randomized, double-blind, cross-sectional placebo-controlled experiment. Psychotic-like experiences were assessed using the revised Exceptional Experiences Questionnaire (PAGE-R). They then received either placebo (n = 32) or 200 mg L-DOPA (n = 33), a dopamine precursor, orally and underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. In a seed-to-voxel approach, we analyzed dopamine-induced changes in functional connectivity of the rAI and assessed the relationship between functional connectivity changes and PAGE-R score. L-DOPA reduced functional connectivity between the rAI and the left auditory cortex planum polare. In the placebo group, we found a strong negative correlation between PAGE-R score and rAI to planum polare functional connectivity; in the L-DOPA group, there was a strong positive correlation between PAGE-R score and functional connectivity between rAI and planum polare. The PAGE-R score explained about 30% of the functional connectivity variation between rAI and planum polare in the two groups. Our findings suggest that psychotic-like experiences are associated with dopamine-induced disruption of auditory input to the SN, which may lead to aberrant attribution of salience.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Anesthesiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Uncontrolled Keywords:Psychiatry and Mental health
Language:English
Date:21 November 2019
Deposited On:05 Dec 2019 13:54
Last Modified:05 Dec 2019 13:54
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:0586-7614
OA Status:Closed
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/schbul/sbz110
PubMed ID:31751466

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