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Modification at the 2'-Position of the 4,5-Series of 2-Deoxystreptamine Aminoglycoside Antibiotics To Resist Aminoglycoside Modifying Enzymes and Increase Ribosomal Target Selectivity


Sati, Girish C; Sarpe, Vikram A; Furukawa, Takayuki; Mondal, Sujit; Mantovani, Matilde; Hobbie, Sven N; Vasella, Andrea; Böttger, Erik C; Crich, David (2019). Modification at the 2'-Position of the 4,5-Series of 2-Deoxystreptamine Aminoglycoside Antibiotics To Resist Aminoglycoside Modifying Enzymes and Increase Ribosomal Target Selectivity. ACS Infectious Diseases, 5(10):1718-1730.

Abstract

A series of derivatives of the 4,5-disubstituted class of 2-deoxystreptamine aminoglycoside antibiotics neomycin, paromomycin, and ribostamycin was prepared and assayed for (i) their ability to inhibit protein synthesis by bacterial ribosomes and by engineered bacterial ribosomes carrying eukaryotic decoding A sites, (ii) antibacterial activity against wild type Gram negative and positive pathogens, and (iii) overcoming resistance due to the presence of aminoacyl transferases acting at the 2'-position. The presence of five suitably positioned residual basic amino groups was found to be necessary for activity to be retained upon removal or alkylation of the 2'-position amine. As alkylation of the 2'-amino group overcomes the action of resistance determinants acting at that position and in addition results in increased selectivity for the prokaryotic over eukaryotic ribosomes, it constitutes an attractive modification for introduction into next generation aminoglycosides. In the neomycin series, the installation of small (formamide) or basic (glycinamide) amido groups on the 2'-amino group is tolerated.

Abstract

A series of derivatives of the 4,5-disubstituted class of 2-deoxystreptamine aminoglycoside antibiotics neomycin, paromomycin, and ribostamycin was prepared and assayed for (i) their ability to inhibit protein synthesis by bacterial ribosomes and by engineered bacterial ribosomes carrying eukaryotic decoding A sites, (ii) antibacterial activity against wild type Gram negative and positive pathogens, and (iii) overcoming resistance due to the presence of aminoacyl transferases acting at the 2'-position. The presence of five suitably positioned residual basic amino groups was found to be necessary for activity to be retained upon removal or alkylation of the 2'-position amine. As alkylation of the 2'-amino group overcomes the action of resistance determinants acting at that position and in addition results in increased selectivity for the prokaryotic over eukaryotic ribosomes, it constitutes an attractive modification for introduction into next generation aminoglycosides. In the neomycin series, the installation of small (formamide) or basic (glycinamide) amido groups on the 2'-amino group is tolerated.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > Institute of Medical Microbiology
Dewey Decimal Classification:570 Life sciences; biology
610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:11 October 2019
Deposited On:07 Jan 2020 11:02
Last Modified:07 Jan 2020 12:10
Publisher:American Chemical Society (ACS)
ISSN:2373-8227
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1021/acsinfecdis.9b00128
PubMed ID:31436080

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