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Unconventional scaling of the superfluid density with the critical temperature in transition metal dichalcogenides


von Rohr, F O; Orain, J-C; Khasanov, R; Witteveen, C; Shermadini, Z; Nikitin, A; Chang, J; Wieteska, A R; Pasupathy, A N; Hasan, M Z; Amato, A; Luetkens, H; Uemura, Y J; Guguchia, Z (2019). Unconventional scaling of the superfluid density with the critical temperature in transition metal dichalcogenides. Science Advances, 5(11):eaav8465.

Abstract

We report on muon spin rotation experiments probing the magnetic penetration depth λ(T) in the layered superconductors in 2H-NbSe2 and 4H-NbSe2. The current results, along with our earlier findings on 1T′-MoTe2 (Guguchia et al.), demonstrate that the superfluid density scales linearly with Tc in the three transition metal dichalcogenide superconductors. Upon increasing pressure, we observe a substantial increase of the superfluid density in 2H-NbSe2, which we find to correlate with Tc. The correlation deviates from the abovementioned linear trend. A similar deviation from the Uemura line was also observed in previous pressure studies of optimally doped cuprates. This correlation between the superfluid density and Tc is considered a hallmark feature of unconventional superconductivity. Here, we show that this correlation is an intrinsic property of the superconductivity in transition metal dichalcogenides, whereas the ratio Tc/TF is approximately a factor of 20 lower than the ratio observed in hole-doped cuprates. We, furthermore, find that the values of the superconducting gaps are insensitive to the suppression of the charge density wave state.

Abstract

We report on muon spin rotation experiments probing the magnetic penetration depth λ(T) in the layered superconductors in 2H-NbSe2 and 4H-NbSe2. The current results, along with our earlier findings on 1T′-MoTe2 (Guguchia et al.), demonstrate that the superfluid density scales linearly with Tc in the three transition metal dichalcogenide superconductors. Upon increasing pressure, we observe a substantial increase of the superfluid density in 2H-NbSe2, which we find to correlate with Tc. The correlation deviates from the abovementioned linear trend. A similar deviation from the Uemura line was also observed in previous pressure studies of optimally doped cuprates. This correlation between the superfluid density and Tc is considered a hallmark feature of unconventional superconductivity. Here, we show that this correlation is an intrinsic property of the superconductivity in transition metal dichalcogenides, whereas the ratio Tc/TF is approximately a factor of 20 lower than the ratio observed in hole-doped cuprates. We, furthermore, find that the values of the superconducting gaps are insensitive to the suppression of the charge density wave state.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry
07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:1 November 2019
Deposited On:09 Jan 2020 11:31
Last Modified:12 Feb 2020 11:34
Publisher:American Association for the Advancement of Science
ISSN:2375-2548
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aav8465

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