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Efficacy of a new pathogen-reduced cryoprecipitate stored 5 days after thawing to correct dilutional coagulopathy in vitro


Cushing, Melissa M; Asmis, Lars M; Harris, Rebecca M; DeSimone, Robert A; Hill, Shanna; Ivascu, Natalia; Haas, Thorsten (2019). Efficacy of a new pathogen-reduced cryoprecipitate stored 5 days after thawing to correct dilutional coagulopathy in vitro. Transfusion, 59(5):1818-1826.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Fibrinogen supplementation during bleeding restores clot strength and hemostasis. Cryoprecipitate, a concentrated source of fibrinogen, has prolonged preparation time for thawing, a short shelf life resulting in frequent wastage, and infectious disease risk. This in vitro study investigated the efficacy of a new pathogen-reduced cryoprecipitate thawed and stored at room temperature for 5 days (PR Cryo) to treat dilutional hypofibrinogenemia, compared to immediately thawed standard cryoprecipitate (Cryo) or fibrinogen concentrate (FC).

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS

Ten phlebotomy specimens from healthy volunteers were diluted 1:1 with crystalloid and supplemented with PR Cryo and Cryo (at a dose replicating transfusion of two pooled doses [10 units]) and FC at a dose replicating 50 mg/kg. Changes in clot firmness (thromboelastometry) and in coagulation factor activity were assessed at baseline, after dilution, and after supplementation.

RESULTS

Clinical dosing was used, as described above, and consequently the FC dose contained 24% and 36% more fibrinogen versus PR Cryo and Cryo, respectively. At baseline, subjects had a median FIBTEM maximum clot firmness of 13.5 mm, versus 6.5 mm after 50% dilution (p = 0.005). After supplementation with PR Cryo, a median FIBTEM maximum clot firmness of 13 mm was observed versus 9.0 mm for Cryo (p = 0.005) or 16.5 mm for FC (p = 0.005). Median factor XIII was higher after PR Cryo (64.8%) versus Cryo (48.3%) (p = 0.005). Fibrinogen activity was higher after FC (269.0 mg/dL) versus PR Cryo (187.0 mg/dL; p = 0.005) or Cryo (193.5 mg/dL; p = 0.005); the difference between PR Cryo and Cryo supplementation (p = 0.445) was not significant.

CONCLUSION

PR Cryo used 5 days after thawing effectively restores clot strength after in vitro dilution.

Abstract

BACKGROUND

Fibrinogen supplementation during bleeding restores clot strength and hemostasis. Cryoprecipitate, a concentrated source of fibrinogen, has prolonged preparation time for thawing, a short shelf life resulting in frequent wastage, and infectious disease risk. This in vitro study investigated the efficacy of a new pathogen-reduced cryoprecipitate thawed and stored at room temperature for 5 days (PR Cryo) to treat dilutional hypofibrinogenemia, compared to immediately thawed standard cryoprecipitate (Cryo) or fibrinogen concentrate (FC).

STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS

Ten phlebotomy specimens from healthy volunteers were diluted 1:1 with crystalloid and supplemented with PR Cryo and Cryo (at a dose replicating transfusion of two pooled doses [10 units]) and FC at a dose replicating 50 mg/kg. Changes in clot firmness (thromboelastometry) and in coagulation factor activity were assessed at baseline, after dilution, and after supplementation.

RESULTS

Clinical dosing was used, as described above, and consequently the FC dose contained 24% and 36% more fibrinogen versus PR Cryo and Cryo, respectively. At baseline, subjects had a median FIBTEM maximum clot firmness of 13.5 mm, versus 6.5 mm after 50% dilution (p = 0.005). After supplementation with PR Cryo, a median FIBTEM maximum clot firmness of 13 mm was observed versus 9.0 mm for Cryo (p = 0.005) or 16.5 mm for FC (p = 0.005). Median factor XIII was higher after PR Cryo (64.8%) versus Cryo (48.3%) (p = 0.005). Fibrinogen activity was higher after FC (269.0 mg/dL) versus PR Cryo (187.0 mg/dL; p = 0.005) or Cryo (193.5 mg/dL; p = 0.005); the difference between PR Cryo and Cryo supplementation (p = 0.445) was not significant.

CONCLUSION

PR Cryo used 5 days after thawing effectively restores clot strength after in vitro dilution.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Children's Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Surgery
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:May 2019
Deposited On:09 Jan 2020 11:18
Last Modified:09 Jan 2020 12:06
Publisher:Wiley-Blackwell Publishing, Inc.
ISSN:0041-1132
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1111/trf.15157
PubMed ID:30719724

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