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Early Initiation of Anti-TNF is Associated with Favourable Long-term Outcome in Crohn's Disease: 10-Year-Follow-up Data from the Swiss IBD Cohort Study


Frei, Roy; Fournier, Nicolas; Zeitz, Jonas; Scharl, Michael; Morell, Bernhard; Greuter, Thomas; Schreiner, Philipp; Misselwitz, Benjamin; Safroneeva, Ekaterina; Schoepfer, Alain M; Vavricka, Stephan R; Rogler, Gerhard; Biedermann, Luc (2019). Early Initiation of Anti-TNF is Associated with Favourable Long-term Outcome in Crohn's Disease: 10-Year-Follow-up Data from the Swiss IBD Cohort Study. Journal of Crohn's & Colitis, 13(10):1292-1301.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
The optimal timing of treatment escalation in Crohn's disease [CD] remains a challenging issue, and very little is known about its long-term development following early versus late administration of anti-TNF antibodies. The long-term outcome of Swiss CD patients was comparatively assessed in an up to 10-year follow-up, using patients participating in the Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study [SIBDCS].
METHODS
Prospectively collected SIBDCS patient data, including disease history, baseline characteristics at enrolment, and course of disease, were analysed in patients with early versus late [<24 versus ≥24 months after diagnosis] and no anti-TNF treatment.
RESULTS
A reduced risk of developing bowel stenosis was found in patients who received early anti-TNF treatment. This association was seen in patients overall and also in the subgroups of CD patients without pre-existing complications [Log-rank test: p < 0.001].Furthermore, osteoporosis and anaemia were observed significantly less frequently in patients who received early anti-TNF treatment, compared with either patients who received treatment late [p < 0.001 and p = 0.046, respectively] or were never [p < 0.001 for both] treated with anti-TNF antibodies. Patients with early anti-TNF administration sought medical consultations significantly less often, including gastroenterologists in private practice [p = 0.017], ambulatory [outpatient] hospital visits [p = 0.038], and a composite of any medical visits [p = 0.001]. The percentage of patients unable to work was lowest for early-anti-TNF-treated patients, in comparison with patients who were treated late or never [3.6% vs 8.8% vs 3.7%, p = 0.016].
CONCLUSIONS
In CD patients within the SIBDCS, early anti-TNF administration was found to be associated with several indicators of a more favourable long-term outcome.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND AIMS
The optimal timing of treatment escalation in Crohn's disease [CD] remains a challenging issue, and very little is known about its long-term development following early versus late administration of anti-TNF antibodies. The long-term outcome of Swiss CD patients was comparatively assessed in an up to 10-year follow-up, using patients participating in the Swiss Inflammatory Bowel Disease Cohort Study [SIBDCS].
METHODS
Prospectively collected SIBDCS patient data, including disease history, baseline characteristics at enrolment, and course of disease, were analysed in patients with early versus late [<24 versus ≥24 months after diagnosis] and no anti-TNF treatment.
RESULTS
A reduced risk of developing bowel stenosis was found in patients who received early anti-TNF treatment. This association was seen in patients overall and also in the subgroups of CD patients without pre-existing complications [Log-rank test: p < 0.001].Furthermore, osteoporosis and anaemia were observed significantly less frequently in patients who received early anti-TNF treatment, compared with either patients who received treatment late [p < 0.001 and p = 0.046, respectively] or were never [p < 0.001 for both] treated with anti-TNF antibodies. Patients with early anti-TNF administration sought medical consultations significantly less often, including gastroenterologists in private practice [p = 0.017], ambulatory [outpatient] hospital visits [p = 0.038], and a composite of any medical visits [p = 0.001]. The percentage of patients unable to work was lowest for early-anti-TNF-treated patients, in comparison with patients who were treated late or never [3.6% vs 8.8% vs 3.7%, p = 0.016].
CONCLUSIONS
In CD patients within the SIBDCS, early anti-TNF administration was found to be associated with several indicators of a more favourable long-term outcome.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Scopus Subject Areas:Health Sciences > Gastroenterology
Language:English
Date:27 September 2019
Deposited On:10 Jan 2020 14:35
Last Modified:29 Jul 2020 12:21
Publisher:Oxford University Press
ISSN:1873-9946
OA Status:Green
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/ecco-jcc/jjz057
PubMed ID:30854548

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