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Efficacy of Endoscopic Dilation of Gastroduodenal Crohn's Disease Strictures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data


Bettenworth, Dominik; Mücke, Marcus M; Lopez, Rocio; et al; Valli, Piero V; Rogler, Gerhard (2019). Efficacy of Endoscopic Dilation of Gastroduodenal Crohn's Disease Strictures: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Individual Patient Data. Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, 17(12):2514-2522.e8.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS
Little is known about the effects of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) for strictures of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We performed a pooled analysis of the efficacy and safety of EBD for UGI CD-associated strictures.
METHODS
We searched Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane library, as well as bibliographies of relevant articles, for cohort studies of adults with CD and strictures of the stomach or duodenum (up to the ligament of Treitz) who underwent EBD through December 2016. We obtained data from 7 international referral centers on 94 patients who underwent 141 EBDs. We performed a patient-level meta-analysis of data from published and unpublished cohort studies to determine mechanical and clinical success. We performed a time-to-event analysis to assess symptom recurrence and need for redilation or surgery. The patients analyzed had strictures of the duodenum (n = 107), stomach (n = 30), or spanning both (n = 4).
RESULTS
The rate of technical success for EBD was 100%, with 87% short-term clinical efficacy; major complications arose from 2.9% of all procedures. During a median follow-up period of 23.1 months, 70.5% of patients had a recurrence of symptoms, 59.6% required redilation, and 30.8% required surgical intervention. Patients whose disease was located in the small bowel had a higher risk for symptom recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 2.1; P = .003). Asian race (HR, 2.8; P < .001) and location of disease in the small bowel (HR, 1.9; P = .004) increased the need for redilation. Prestenotic dilation was a risk factor for needing surgery earlier (HR, 1.9; P = .001).
CONCLUSIONS
In a meta-analysis, we found EBD for CD-associated strictures of the UGI to be an effective alternative to surgery, with a high rate of short-term technical and clinical success, moderate long-term efficacy, and an acceptable rate of complications.

Abstract

BACKGROUND & AIMS
Little is known about the effects of endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) for strictures of the upper gastrointestinal (UGI) tract in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). We performed a pooled analysis of the efficacy and safety of EBD for UGI CD-associated strictures.
METHODS
We searched Embase, Medline, and the Cochrane library, as well as bibliographies of relevant articles, for cohort studies of adults with CD and strictures of the stomach or duodenum (up to the ligament of Treitz) who underwent EBD through December 2016. We obtained data from 7 international referral centers on 94 patients who underwent 141 EBDs. We performed a patient-level meta-analysis of data from published and unpublished cohort studies to determine mechanical and clinical success. We performed a time-to-event analysis to assess symptom recurrence and need for redilation or surgery. The patients analyzed had strictures of the duodenum (n = 107), stomach (n = 30), or spanning both (n = 4).
RESULTS
The rate of technical success for EBD was 100%, with 87% short-term clinical efficacy; major complications arose from 2.9% of all procedures. During a median follow-up period of 23.1 months, 70.5% of patients had a recurrence of symptoms, 59.6% required redilation, and 30.8% required surgical intervention. Patients whose disease was located in the small bowel had a higher risk for symptom recurrence (hazard ratio [HR], 2.1; P = .003). Asian race (HR, 2.8; P < .001) and location of disease in the small bowel (HR, 1.9; P = .004) increased the need for redilation. Prestenotic dilation was a risk factor for needing surgery earlier (HR, 1.9; P = .001).
CONCLUSIONS
In a meta-analysis, we found EBD for CD-associated strictures of the UGI to be an effective alternative to surgery, with a high rate of short-term technical and clinical success, moderate long-term efficacy, and an acceptable rate of complications.

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Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:November 2019
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 08:06
Last Modified:13 Jan 2020 08:07
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1542-3565
OA Status:Green
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cgh.2018.11.048
PubMed ID:30503966

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