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Prognostic Immune Cell Profiling of Malignant Pleural Effusion Patients by Computerized Immunohistochemical and Transcriptional Analysis


Wu, Chengguang; Mairinger, Fabian; Casanova, Ruben; Batavia, Aashil A; Leblond, Anne-Laure; Soltermann, Alex (2019). Prognostic Immune Cell Profiling of Malignant Pleural Effusion Patients by Computerized Immunohistochemical and Transcriptional Analysis. Cancers, 11(12):14.

Abstract

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a severe condition of advanced tumors without effective therapy. We used digitalized immunohistochemical and transcriptional approaches to investigate the prognostic influence of immune cells and expression variance of associated immunomodulatory molecules in MPE. Cytology tissue microarrays were constructed from MPE cell blocks of 155 patients with five tumor entities. Immune cells lineage markers were quantified by computational cytopathology on immunohistochemistry. mRNA expression analysis of nine lineage markers and 17 immunomodulators was performed by NanoString. Immunohistochemically quantified high B cells to leukocytes ratio (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.70, p-value = 0.043) and low neutrophils to leukocytes ratio (HR = 1.78, p-value = 0.003) were favorable prognosticators for overall survival independent of tumor entity. Correspondingly, patients with high B cells but low neutrophils gene expression signature showed longer median overall survival of 500 days (HR = 2.29, p-value = 0.009). Regarding targetable molecule expressions, lung adenocarcinomas were characterized by high PD-L1, but mesothelioma by high LAG-3. Ovarian carcinoma was least immunogenic. Independent of tumor entity, the condition of the immune system in MPE liquids is able to provide additional prognostic cytologic information. Combined analysis of lineage specific markers and related immunomodulators may direct immune-based therapeutic decisions.

Abstract

Malignant pleural effusion (MPE) is a severe condition of advanced tumors without effective therapy. We used digitalized immunohistochemical and transcriptional approaches to investigate the prognostic influence of immune cells and expression variance of associated immunomodulatory molecules in MPE. Cytology tissue microarrays were constructed from MPE cell blocks of 155 patients with five tumor entities. Immune cells lineage markers were quantified by computational cytopathology on immunohistochemistry. mRNA expression analysis of nine lineage markers and 17 immunomodulators was performed by NanoString. Immunohistochemically quantified high B cells to leukocytes ratio (hazard ratio (HR) = 0.70, p-value = 0.043) and low neutrophils to leukocytes ratio (HR = 1.78, p-value = 0.003) were favorable prognosticators for overall survival independent of tumor entity. Correspondingly, patients with high B cells but low neutrophils gene expression signature showed longer median overall survival of 500 days (HR = 2.29, p-value = 0.009). Regarding targetable molecule expressions, lung adenocarcinomas were characterized by high PD-L1, but mesothelioma by high LAG-3. Ovarian carcinoma was least immunogenic. Independent of tumor entity, the condition of the immune system in MPE liquids is able to provide additional prognostic cytologic information. Combined analysis of lineage specific markers and related immunomodulators may direct immune-based therapeutic decisions.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:5 December 2019
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 09:58
Last Modified:14 Jan 2020 08:35
Publisher:MDPI Publishing
ISSN:2072-6694
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers11121953
PubMed ID:31817531

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