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Multi-institutional re-evaluation of prognostic factors in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: proposal of a novel two-tiered grading scheme


Ohashi, Riuko; Martignoni, Guido; et al; Schraml, Peter; Rupp, N J; Moch, Holger (2020). Multi-institutional re-evaluation of prognostic factors in chromophobe renal cell carcinoma: proposal of a novel two-tiered grading scheme. Virchows Archiv, 476(3):409-418.

Abstract

A histological grading system of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) is highly desirable to identify approximately 5-10% of tumors at risk for progression. Validation studies failed to demonstrate a correlation between the four-tiered WHO/ISUP grade and outcome. Previous proposals with three-tiered chromophobe grading systems could not be validated. In this study, the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation, necrosis, and mitosis was analyzed in a Swiss cohort (n = 42), an Italian cohort (n = 103), a German cohort (n = 54), a Japanese cohort (n = 119), and The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort (n = 64). All 3 histological parameters were significantly associated with shorter time to tumor progression and overall survival in univariate analysis. Interobserver variability for identification of these parameters was measured by Krippendorff's alpha coefficient and showed high concordance for the identification of sarcomatoid differentiation and tumor necrosis, but only low to medium concordance for the identification of mitosis. Therefore, we tested a two-tiered tumor grading system (low versus high grade) based only on the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation and/or necrosis finding in the combined cohorts (n = 382). pT stage, patient's age (> 65 vs ≤ 65), lymph node and/or distant metastasis, and the two-tiered grading system (low versus high grade) were significantly associated with overall survival and were independent prognostic parameters in multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazard). This multi-institutional evaluation of prognostic parameters suggests tumor necrosis and sarcomatoid differentiation as reproducible components of a two-tiered chromophobe tumor grading system.

Abstract

A histological grading system of chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (chRCC) is highly desirable to identify approximately 5-10% of tumors at risk for progression. Validation studies failed to demonstrate a correlation between the four-tiered WHO/ISUP grade and outcome. Previous proposals with three-tiered chromophobe grading systems could not be validated. In this study, the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation, necrosis, and mitosis was analyzed in a Swiss cohort (n = 42), an Italian cohort (n = 103), a German cohort (n = 54), a Japanese cohort (n = 119), and The Cancer Genome Atlas cohort (n = 64). All 3 histological parameters were significantly associated with shorter time to tumor progression and overall survival in univariate analysis. Interobserver variability for identification of these parameters was measured by Krippendorff's alpha coefficient and showed high concordance for the identification of sarcomatoid differentiation and tumor necrosis, but only low to medium concordance for the identification of mitosis. Therefore, we tested a two-tiered tumor grading system (low versus high grade) based only on the presence of sarcomatoid differentiation and/or necrosis finding in the combined cohorts (n = 382). pT stage, patient's age (> 65 vs ≤ 65), lymph node and/or distant metastasis, and the two-tiered grading system (low versus high grade) were significantly associated with overall survival and were independent prognostic parameters in multivariate analysis (Cox proportional hazard). This multi-institutional evaluation of prognostic parameters suggests tumor necrosis and sarcomatoid differentiation as reproducible components of a two-tiered chromophobe tumor grading system.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Institute of Pathology and Molecular Pathology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:English
Date:1 March 2020
Deposited On:17 Dec 2019 14:46
Last Modified:22 Mar 2020 02:03
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:0945-6317
OA Status:Closed
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s00428-019-02710-w
PubMed ID:31760491

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