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Permeability analyses and three dimensional imaging of interferon gamma-induced barrier disintegration in intestinal organoids


Bardenbacher, Marco; Ruder, Barbara; Britzen-Laurent, Nathalie; Schmid, Benjamin; Waldner, Maximilian; Naschberger, Elisabeth; Scharl, Michael; Müller, Werner; Günther, Claudia; Becker, Christoph; Stürzl, Michael; Tripal, Philipp (2019). Permeability analyses and three dimensional imaging of interferon gamma-induced barrier disintegration in intestinal organoids. Stem Cell Research, 35:101383.

Abstract

The aberrant regulation of the epithelial barrier integrity is involved in many diseases of the digestive tract, including inflammatory bowel diseases and colorectal cancer. Intestinal epithelial cell organoid cultures provide new perspectives for analyses of the intestinal barrier in vitro. However, established methods of barrier function analyses from two dimensional cultures have to be adjusted to the analysis of three dimensional organoid structures. Here we describe the methodology for analysis of epithelial barrier function and molecular regulation in intestinal organoids. Barrier responses to interferon-γ of intestinal organoids with and without epithelial cell-specific deletion of the interferon-γ-receptor 2 gene were used as a model system. The established method allowed monitoring of the kinetics of interferon-γ-induced permeability changes in living organoids. Proteolytic degradation and altered localization of the tight junction proteins claudin-2, -7, and - 15 was detected using confocal spinning disc microscopy with 3D reconstruction. Hessian analysis was used for quantification of re-localization of claudins. In summary, we provide a novel methodologic approach for quantitative analyses of intestinal epithelial barrier functions in the 3D organoid model.

Abstract

The aberrant regulation of the epithelial barrier integrity is involved in many diseases of the digestive tract, including inflammatory bowel diseases and colorectal cancer. Intestinal epithelial cell organoid cultures provide new perspectives for analyses of the intestinal barrier in vitro. However, established methods of barrier function analyses from two dimensional cultures have to be adjusted to the analysis of three dimensional organoid structures. Here we describe the methodology for analysis of epithelial barrier function and molecular regulation in intestinal organoids. Barrier responses to interferon-γ of intestinal organoids with and without epithelial cell-specific deletion of the interferon-γ-receptor 2 gene were used as a model system. The established method allowed monitoring of the kinetics of interferon-γ-induced permeability changes in living organoids. Proteolytic degradation and altered localization of the tight junction proteins claudin-2, -7, and - 15 was detected using confocal spinning disc microscopy with 3D reconstruction. Hessian analysis was used for quantification of re-localization of claudins. In summary, we provide a novel methodologic approach for quantitative analyses of intestinal epithelial barrier functions in the 3D organoid model.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:04 Faculty of Medicine > University Hospital Zurich > Clinic for Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Dewey Decimal Classification:610 Medicine & health
Language:German
Date:March 2019
Deposited On:13 Jan 2020 08:24
Last Modified:13 Jan 2020 08:24
Publisher:Elsevier
ISSN:1873-5061
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scr.2019.101383
PubMed ID:30776676

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