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Topological photocurrent responses from chiral surface Fermi arcs


Chang, Guoqing; Yin, Jiaxin; Neupert, Titus; Sanchez, Daniel S; Belopolski, Ilya; Zhang, S; Cochran, Tyler A; Hsu, Ming-Chien; Huang, Shin-Ming; Lian, Biao; Xu, Su-Yang; Lin, Hsin; Hasan, M Zahid (2019). Topological photocurrent responses from chiral surface Fermi arcs. arXiv.org 1906.03207, University of Zurich.

Abstract

The nonlinear optical responses from topological semimetals are crucial in both understanding the fundamental properties of quantum materials and designing next-generation light-sensors or solar-cells. However, previous work was focusing on the optical effects from bulk states only, disregarding topological surface responses. Here we propose a new (hitherto unknown) surface-only topological photocurrent response from chiral Fermi arcs. Using the ideal topological chiral semimetal RhSi as a representative, we quantitatively compute the topologically robust photocurrents from Fermi arcs on different surfaces. By rigorous crystal symmetry analysis, we demonstrate that Fermi arc photocurrents can be perpendicular to the bulk injection currents regardless of the choice of materials' surface. We then generalize this finding to all cubic chiral space groups and predict material candidates. Our theory reveals a powerful notion where common crystalline-symmetry can be used to induce universal topological responses as well as making it possible to completely disentangle bulk and surface topological responses in many conducting material families.

Abstract

The nonlinear optical responses from topological semimetals are crucial in both understanding the fundamental properties of quantum materials and designing next-generation light-sensors or solar-cells. However, previous work was focusing on the optical effects from bulk states only, disregarding topological surface responses. Here we propose a new (hitherto unknown) surface-only topological photocurrent response from chiral Fermi arcs. Using the ideal topological chiral semimetal RhSi as a representative, we quantitatively compute the topologically robust photocurrents from Fermi arcs on different surfaces. By rigorous crystal symmetry analysis, we demonstrate that Fermi arc photocurrents can be perpendicular to the bulk injection currents regardless of the choice of materials' surface. We then generalize this finding to all cubic chiral space groups and predict material candidates. Our theory reveals a powerful notion where common crystalline-symmetry can be used to induce universal topological responses as well as making it possible to completely disentangle bulk and surface topological responses in many conducting material families.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Working Paper
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Language:English
Date:2019
Deposited On:07 Jan 2020 11:52
Last Modified:08 Jan 2020 04:16
Series Name:arXiv.org
ISSN:2331-8422
OA Status:Green
Related URLs:https://arxiv.org/abs/1906.03207

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