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NLO QCD predictions for $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ production in association with a light jet at the LHC


Buccioni, Federico; Kallweit, Stefan; Pozzorini, Stefano; Zoller, Max F (2019). NLO QCD predictions for $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ production in association with a light jet at the LHC. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2019(12):15.

Abstract

Theoretical predictions for $t\overline{t}b\overline{b}$ production are of crucial importance for $t\overline{t}H$ measurements in the $H \to b\overline{b}$ channel at the LHC. To address the large uncertainties associated with the modelling of extra QCD radiation in $t\overline{t}b\overline{b}$ events, in this paper we present a calculation of $pp \to t\overline{t}b\overline{b}j$ at NLO QCD. The behaviour of NLO corrections is analysed in a variety of observables, and to assess theoretical uncertainties we use factor- two rescalings as well as different dynamic scales. In this context, we propose a systematic alignment of dynamic scales that makes it possible to disentangle normalisation and shape uncertainties in a transparent way. Scale uncertainties at NLO are typically at the level of 20–30% in integrated cross sections, and below 10% for the shapes of distributions. The kinematics of QCD radiation is investigated in detail, including the effects of its recoil on the objects of the $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ system. In particular, we discuss various azimuthal correlations that allow one to characterise the QCD recoil pattern in a precise and transparent way. In general, the calculation at hand provides a variety of precise benchmarks that can be used to validate the modelling of QCD radiation in $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ generators. Moreover, as we will argue, $pp \to t\overline{t} b \overline{b}j$ at NLO entails information that can be used to gain insights into the perturbative convergence of the inclusive $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ cross section beyond NLO. Based on this idea, we address the issue of the large NLO K-factor observed in $\sigma t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$, and we provide evidence that supports the reduction of this K-factor through a mild adjustment of the QCD scales that are conventionally used for this process. The presented $2 \to 5$ NLO calculations have been carried out using OpenLoops 2 in combination with Sherpa and Munich.

Abstract

Theoretical predictions for $t\overline{t}b\overline{b}$ production are of crucial importance for $t\overline{t}H$ measurements in the $H \to b\overline{b}$ channel at the LHC. To address the large uncertainties associated with the modelling of extra QCD radiation in $t\overline{t}b\overline{b}$ events, in this paper we present a calculation of $pp \to t\overline{t}b\overline{b}j$ at NLO QCD. The behaviour of NLO corrections is analysed in a variety of observables, and to assess theoretical uncertainties we use factor- two rescalings as well as different dynamic scales. In this context, we propose a systematic alignment of dynamic scales that makes it possible to disentangle normalisation and shape uncertainties in a transparent way. Scale uncertainties at NLO are typically at the level of 20–30% in integrated cross sections, and below 10% for the shapes of distributions. The kinematics of QCD radiation is investigated in detail, including the effects of its recoil on the objects of the $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ system. In particular, we discuss various azimuthal correlations that allow one to characterise the QCD recoil pattern in a precise and transparent way. In general, the calculation at hand provides a variety of precise benchmarks that can be used to validate the modelling of QCD radiation in $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ generators. Moreover, as we will argue, $pp \to t\overline{t} b \overline{b}j$ at NLO entails information that can be used to gain insights into the perturbative convergence of the inclusive $t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$ cross section beyond NLO. Based on this idea, we address the issue of the large NLO K-factor observed in $\sigma t\overline{t} b \overline{b}$, and we provide evidence that supports the reduction of this K-factor through a mild adjustment of the QCD scales that are conventionally used for this process. The presented $2 \to 5$ NLO calculations have been carried out using OpenLoops 2 in combination with Sherpa and Munich.

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Additional indexing

Item Type:Journal Article, refereed, original work
Communities & Collections:07 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute
Dewey Decimal Classification:530 Physics
Uncontrolled Keywords:Nuclear and High Energy Physics
Language:English
Date:1 December 2019
Deposited On:09 Jan 2020 10:57
Last Modified:09 Jan 2020 11:15
Publisher:Springer
ISSN:1029-8479
OA Status:Gold
Free access at:Publisher DOI. An embargo period may apply.
Publisher DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/jhep12(2019)015

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